Roman Imperialism in Republic and Empire Research Paper by Geebs

A comparison of Roman aggressive imperialism in military expansion and cultural assimilation during the time of the Republic and the Empire.
# 150853 | 2,268 words | 14 sources | MLA | 2012 | CA
Published on Apr 29, 2012 in History (Greek and Roman)

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The paper argues how Rome established and maintained imperial power through imperialist expansion and conquest, as well as through hegemonic cultural control, Romanization. The paper compares the aggressive imperialism of military and cultural dominance in the time of the Republic and in the Empire, concluding that Roman imperialism was even more aggressive during the Imperium Romanum.

Conquest and Expansion in the Republic
Unrest and Citizenship in the Republic
Conquest and Expansion in the Empire
Romanization and Crushed Revolt in the Empire

From the Paper:

"The Roman Empire was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, often best remembered for having greatly expanded the territory. The imperial political structure during this time was established and maintained through conquest and expansion, which is characteristic of this period, and which is when the size of Roman territory peaked. Many territorial gains were made both in the East and the West between the reigns of Augustus and the Trajan, under whom the empire was brought to the largest size it would ever see. In the West, much of Germania and Gaul was subdued; in 42 AD, Britain was invaded allowing for the constructing of Hadrian's Wall; and conquest continued up and beyond the borders of the world as it was known to Rome at the time. Under Claudius, conquest into the Rhine continued until he ordered the suspension, resulting in the epitome of where the Empire would expand in that direction, while under Trajan took the Roman Empire to its greatest extend to the East, and size ever, by marching into Dacia and the Parthian Empire. Under these emperors and during this time in the history of Rome, rapid expansion was a clear indicator and an easily visible manifestation of Roman imperialism, demonstrating to what extent Rome was even more aggressively imperialist than during the Republic. During the Empire, especially under Trajan, Rome peaked in the amount of territory it controlled. "

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Livy. The History of Rome, volume 2. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Greem & Longman, 1835. Accessed on Google Books.
  • Tacitus. Agricola. Translated by Alfred Church and William Brodribb. New York: Random House, 2003. Accessed online at <>.
  • Davies, Penelope J. E., Walter B. Denny, Frima Fox Hofrichter, Joseph F. Jacobs, Ann M. Roberts , David L. Simon. Janson's history of art : the western tradition. 8th edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2010.
  • Eckstein, Arthur M. Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome. Berkeley; Los Angeles; London: University of California Press, 2006.
  • Hassig, Ross. Mexico and the Spanish Conquest. London; New York: Longman, 1994.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Roman Imperialism in Republic and Empire (2012, April 29) Retrieved May 31, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Roman Imperialism in Republic and Empire" 29 April 2012. Web. 31 May. 2020. <>