Role of Islam in the Iran-Iraq War Research Paper by Nicky

Role of Islam in the Iran-Iraq War
An analysis of the role Islam played in the Iran-Iraq war, 1980 to 1988.
# 148980 | 2,763 words | 11 sources | APA | 2011 | US
Published on Nov 16, 2011 in History (Middle Eastern) , International Relations (War and Conflict)

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This paper provides a review of the literature concerning the Iran-Iraq war to demonstrate that although Islam played a role in how the war was prosecuted and managed on both sides, particularly in Iran, it was the economic and political forces at work that fueled it. The paper finds that France, Turkey, the United States and other countries had a vital interest in the continuation of the war for both political and economic reasons.

Review and Analysis

From the Paper:

"The Iranian government has estimated that the 1980-1988 war resulted in $440 billion in direct losses to its economy, with yet $490 billion more being exacted in indirect costs (Rajaee 2). A number of observers suggest that Iraq experience comparable losses, with the accepted estimate indicated that "the aggregate direct and indirect cost of the war to Tehran at $627 billion, and to Baghdad at $561 billion" (Rajaee 2). These enormous sums do not take into account the costs associated with rebuilding the economies of these two countries following the cessation of hostilities, an amount that Rajaee suggest was at about another trillion dollars, roughly divided equally between the two combatants with $644.4 billion required to reconstruct Iran's economy and $452.6 billion required to reconstruct Iraq's (Rajaee 2). Both countries, of course, enjoy enormous oil reserves and were actively marketing this valuable resource throughout the 20th century. The revenues derived from this resource, though, were dwarfed by the costs exacted by the "longest war": "The total cost of the war exceeds the oil revenue of the two states throughout the twentieth century" (Rajaee 2). While the economic consequences of the war between Iran and Iraq were truly immense, they pale in comparison to the human toll the conflict caused."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Abdulla, Abdulkhaleq. 1994. "Gulf War: The Socio-Political Background." Arab Studies Quarterly 16(3): 1-3.
  • Aydin, Mustafa and Damla Aras. 2005. "Political Conditionality of Economic Relations between Paternalist States: Turkey's Interaction with Iran, Iraq, and Syria." Arab Studies Quarterly 27(1-2): 21-22.
  • Chubin, Shahram and Charles Tripp. Iran and Iraq at War. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1988.
  • Cordesman, Anthony H. 1999. "The New Balance of Gulf Arms." Middle East Policy 6(4): 82.
  • Dunn, Michael Collins. 1996. "Five Years after Desert Storm: Gulf Security, Stability and the U.S. Presence." Middle East Policy 4(3): 36.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Role of Islam in the Iran-Iraq War (2011, November 16) Retrieved February 06, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Role of Islam in the Iran-Iraq War" 16 November 2011. Web. 06 February. 2023. <>