Recognition of EMS as a Public Safety Profession Research Paper by JCowie024

Recognition of EMS as a Public Safety Profession
A comprehensive research paper on the challenges facing the emergency medical services (EMS) today in the United States.
# 153677 | 5,592 words | 29 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on Sep 30, 2013 in Medical and Health (First Aid and Safety)

$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now


The paper discusses the vital role of emergency medical services (EMS) in the United States' emergency and pre-hospital trauma care system and explores the issues facing this profession. The paper addresses the poor public perception of EMS, the lack of professional recognition of the field, the few opportunities for advancement and growth, problems with retention, lack of federal funding for research and education and finally, the lack of universal standards. The paper then presents a study that measures the effect the fragmented EMS system has on EMS' ability to be recognized as a profession such as law enforcement and firefighting. The study examines the perceptions that EMS personnel have of themselves, as well as the public's view of how EMS is perceived, and discusses the results. The paper concludes that with universal standards and education, EMS could see an improvement in these issues, which in turn could raise job satisfaction. The paper includes graphs charts and a questionnaire as appendices to the paper.

Literature Review
Recruitment and Retention
Media and Hollywood Perception
Searching for an Identity
Lack of Grants and Funding
Theoretical Framework
Job Dissatisfaction
Differences in Salary and Benefits
Universal Standardization
Media and Public Perception

From the Paper:

"The history of Pre-hospital Emergency Medical Services (EMS) extends to the late 1700's to the time of Napoleon. Modern day EMS however, only extends back to the 1960's in the United States. The Federal EMS Act of 1973 defined an EMS system as "an entity that provides for the arrangement of personnel, facilities, and equipment for the effective and coordinated delivery of health care services under emergency conditions in an appropriate geographic area" (EMS Act 1973, (P.L. 93-154)). The United States Congress passed the National Highway Traffic Safety Act in 1966 which focused on treatment of injured victims. As a result of this legislation, the Department of Transportation (DOT) was the first federal agency tasked to oversee EMS. Since that time other federal agencies have a hand in the oversight of EMS in addition to the DOT such as Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) (Myers, 2011).
"The EMS system is severely fragmented in its present state. Currently, the EMS system falls under the following federal agencies, Department of Transportation, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Justice, and Department of Homeland Security. The Federal Interagency Committee of Emergency Medical Services (FICEMS) is yet another federal agency that oversees EMS and acts as a cohesive voice for EMS to the other departments."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Boudreaux, E, Jones, G.N., Mandry, C., and Brantly, P.J. (1996). Patient care and daily stress among emergency medical technicians. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 11(3): 188-93.
  • Cydulka, R.K., Emerman, C.L. Shade, Bl, and Kubincanek, J. (1997). Stress levels in EMS personnel: A national survey. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine,12(2): 136-140.
  • Gelder, C.M., Frantz, R., Bogucki, S. (2005). Emergency Medical Services in Connecticut.Prehospital Emergency Care, 2(9), 219-226. EBSCO Host.
  • Emergency Medical Services Systems Act of 1973. (P.L. 93-154). 93rd Congress S 2410.
  • EMS World. (2004, July 1). Leaders Meet on Top EMS Issues. EMS World. Retrieved from

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Recognition of EMS as a Public Safety Profession (2013, September 30) Retrieved February 24, 2024, from

MLA Format

"Recognition of EMS as a Public Safety Profession" 30 September 2013. Web. 24 February. 2024. <>