Recidivism and Public Policy Research Paper by jose

Recidivism and Public Policy
Looks at the problem of recidivism in New York State and makes public policy recommendations to address the problem.
# 117771 | 3,895 words | 10 sources | APA | 2009 | US

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This paper looks at public policy to correct the problem of recidivism in New York State by focusing on the Second Chance Act. The paper first describes the wide-ranging problem of recidivism created by the millions of individuals serving prison sentences in both federal and state prisons who ultimately are released back into the community. The paper then reviews the key players in an analysis of public policy, especially the inmates and the taxpayers who must pay for the programs. Then, after reviewing policy options based on the Second Chance Act, the paper concludes that the best approach to preventing recidivism in New York State is in-service, pre-discharge vocational/educational training for inmates.

Table of Contents:
Action Forcing Event
Problem Statement
Literature Review
Data about the Problem
Environmental Scan/Key Players Analysis
The Department of Corrections
The Department of Parole
Tax Payers
Policy Alternatives
Option One
Option Two
Option Three
Recommended Policy Alternative

From the Paper:

"Generally speaking recidivism is a problem that affects everyone in society since most offenders, as noted by the US Department of Justice, will be released back into society and upon release. For the most part, they will be left unsupervised to their own means. Once released these former inmates will have difficulty transitioning to the normative societal traditions which include finding legal sustainable employment, housing, medical care and their other vital necessities."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Correctional Association of New York. (2009). Education from the inside, out: The multiple benefits of college programs in prison [press release]. Retrieved online on April 12, 2009 from Higher_Education_Report.htm
  • Council of State Governments Justice Center. (2009). Second Chance Act grants: Guidance for state and local government and Indian tribe applicants [PowerPoint Presentation]. Retrieved online on March 1, 2009 from government_affairs/second_chance_act
  • Harrison, B., & Schehr, R. C. (2004). Offenders and post-release jobs: Variables influencing success and failure. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 39(3), pp. 35-68.
  • Horn, M. F. (2007, February). Curbing Recidivism (Editorial). The New York Times Online. Retrieved online on April 16, 2009 from 9A06EFDC153FF932A35751C0A9619C8B63
  • La Vigne, N. G., Davies, E., Palmer, T., & Halberstadt, R. (2008). Release planning for successful reentry: A guide for corrections, service providers, and community groups. Published by the Urban Institute's Justice Policy Center. Report retrieved online on April 1, 2009 from

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Recidivism and Public Policy (2009, December 20) Retrieved April 12, 2024, from

MLA Format

"Recidivism and Public Policy" 20 December 2009. Web. 12 April. 2024. <>