Racial Bias in the U.S. Criminal Justice System Research Paper by write123

Racial Bias in the U.S. Criminal Justice System
An analysis of the existence of racial bias and its impact on the outcome of cases in the United States criminal justice system.
# 106076 | 2,751 words | 11 sources | APA | 2008 | US

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This paper discusses racial bias in the United States criminal justice system. It specifically questions whether the race of an individual suspected of a crime impacts his or her experience and the outcome in the criminal justice system. The paper discusses the history of related laws in the United States and discusses skin color ethics.

Table of Contents:
In the U.S. Criminal Justice System...
Challenging Past and Contemporary Contentions
Research Purports
Skin Color Ethics
Countering the Cycling Racial Bias Challenge

From the Paper:

"Federal sentencing guidelines sternly constrain judges' discretion for determining whether an individual being charged will be sentenced to prison or receive probation. Guidelines are also currently in place to "guide" a judge in allocating the length of the sentence. Guidelines, albeit only contain minimal restrictions on the judges' and prosecutors' abilities to reduce sentences "for substantial assistance or acceptance of responsibility." Spohnhttp (2000:482)"
"Ultimately, Spohnhttp (2000:481 - 482) concludes that the reason for the unbalanced number of racial minorities currently incarcerated in the U.S. did not merely evolve from a racially neutral efforts to protect citizens and/or control crime. Earlier refutations of racial discrimination in the U.S. criminal justice system, according to Spohnhttp (2000:482) do not pass the test of time."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Banks, Cyndi. 2004. Criminal Justice Ethics: Theory and Practice. Sage Publications Inc. Retrieved November 10, 2007 (http://books.google.com/books?id=kwOHPCNaInoC&pg=PA59&dq=ra cial+bias+criminal+justice+system&sig=BmVzdFQjm5WhfOk6g8OnrKZk_6Q).
  • Falck, Susan M.A. N.d. "Jim Crow Legislation Overview." California State University-- Northridge, California. Retrieved November 10, 2007 (http://www.jimcrowhistory.org/resources/lessonplans/hs_es_jim_crow_laws.htm).
  • Klarman, Michael J. 2004. From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: The Supreme Court and the Struggle for Racial Equality. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved November 10, 2007 (http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=103546522).
  • Luna, Erik. 2003. "Race, Crime and Institutional Design." Law and Contemporary Problems 66:183+. Retrieved November 10, 2007 (http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001961755).
  • Luna, Erik. 2005. "System Failure." American Criminal Law Review 42:1201+. Retrieved November 9, 2007 (http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5012264638).

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Racial Bias in the U.S. Criminal Justice System (2008, July 24) Retrieved September 26, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/racial-bias-in-the-us-criminal-justice-system-106076/

MLA Format

"Racial Bias in the U.S. Criminal Justice System" 24 July 2008. Web. 26 September. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/racial-bias-in-the-us-criminal-justice-system-106076/>