Race, Intelligence and Testing
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This paper examines and critiques the long standing concept that race and intelligence are statistically correlated. In particular, the paper focuses on the role of standardized testing and this controversial idea. Central to this argument is the nature of eugenics, which is explained at length. The paper gives a brief history of the scientific world's view of intelligence and various theories that developed in the past. This includes the advent of intelligence testing used in the military and its supposed relationship to race. At this point, the paper debunks many of the prejudicial views of race and intelligence, pointing out various factors that impacted test scores. This is additionally seen in the paper's various charts and graphs. The paper concludes by stating that the inability of minorities to perform well on an ethnic and class based exam relegated them into military duties that neither provided respect, officer level advancement, or career education.
From the Paper:"Historically, radical societal and cultural changes occurred in the late 19th century. Urban populations were rapidly increasing, the Industrial Revolution was at full force and providing an economic hierarchy like none seen before. And, with that economic wealth also came the exploited workforce, living in densely populated areas of poverty in which disease was rampant. Using Darwin as a model for society (Social Darwinism), scientists postulated that immigrants, minorities, and criminals were part of the genetic base that should be eliminated, since their lot in life was caused not by economic or cultural issues, but because of poor genetics (Samuda, 1998). The idea of separating individuals into categories depending on the purity of their genetic make-up formed two branches of eugenics: positive and negative. Positive, supported by Galton, was promoting reproduction among the fit; negative on prevention of the unfit, including those of low social status, those with mental or physical disabilities, and even those individuals who we would say were on the "left side of the academic bell-curve" "
Sample of Sources Used:
- Benjamin, L. (2009). "The Birth of American Intelligence Testing." Monitor on Psychology. 40(1): Cited inLhttp://www.apa.org/monitor/2009/01/assessment.html
- Binkin, M., et.al. (1982). Blacks in the Military. Brookings Institution Press.
- Black, E. (2004). War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America's Campaign to Create A Master Race. Basic Books.
- Broadnax, S. (2007). Blue Skies, Black Wings. Praeger. Carlson, Elof. Cited in: www.eugenicsarchive.org/eugenics/
- Eitelberg, M. (1981). "Subpopulation Differences in Performance on Tests of Mental Ability:Historical Review." Technical Memoradum 81-3, Directorate for Accession Policy, Office of the Secretary of Defense. August 1981. Cited in:http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA104444&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf
Cite this Research Paper:
Race, Intelligence and Testing (2011, December 28) Retrieved June 18, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/race-intelligence-and-testing-149664/
"Race, Intelligence and Testing" 28 December 2011. Web. 18 June. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/race-intelligence-and-testing-149664/>