Power, Hygiene and the Poor in 18th Century Spain and Latin America Research Paper by Nicky

Power, Hygiene and the Poor in 18th Century Spain and Latin America
An exploration of the architecture and hygiene during the Bourbon reforms in Spain and Latin America.
# 148621 | 4,234 words | 8 sources | APA | 2011 | US

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The paper examines how the ideas about city and the body underwent a transformation in 18th century Spain and Latin America during Spain's enlightenment. The paper explores the philosophical ideas in Michel Foucault's thesis in "The Bird of the Clinic" and Alain Corbin's ideas as identified in "The Foul and the Fragrant: Odor and the French Social Imagination". This paper additionally examines medical theories about hygiene in the 18th century, the founding of the Royal Academy of Architecture in Madrid, Spain, and the Bourbon reforms.

The 'Clinical Gaze'
The Birth of the Clinic
Foucault on Poor, Sickness and Labor Force Productivity
Patients and Disease
Poverty and Criminals
The Confinement
Productive Labor and Moralists in Spain Transfer to Bourbon Reformation
Global 'Penal Reform Structure'
Summary and Conclusion

From the Paper:

"Hygiene during this time was very much upon the basis of the individual's ancestry and their bloodline which was either aristocratic or 'pure' or was of the lower bloodlines which were characterized by their production of criminals and vagabonds or the poor. During this period of time many hospitals and clinics were constructed that were effectively used by the Bourbon reformation as places of imprisonment for the purpose of reforming the aimless poor in society. These aimless poor were not viewed as individuals but instead within the clinics and hospitals that served as prisons these individuals were merely appointed numbers or in many cases only known by the disease which marked their limited and brief existence. From this grandiose philosophical viewpoint the physician was imbibed with what was known as the 'clinical gaze'."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • King, John (2004) The Cambridge Companion to Modern Latin American Culture. Cambridge University Press, 2004
  • Carrette, Jeremy R. (2002) Foucault and Religion: Spiritual Corporality and Political SpiritualityRoutledge, 2002.
  • Clare O'Farrell (2005) Michel Foucault. Sage Publishers, 2005.
  • Beezley, William H., Curcio-Nagy, Linda and Curcio, Linda Ann (2000) Latin American popular culture: an introduction. Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.
  • Miller, Peter (1987) Domination and Power. Routledge 1987.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Power, Hygiene and the Poor in 18th Century Spain and Latin America (2011, October 28) Retrieved May 27, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/power-hygiene-and-the-poor-in-18th-century-spain-and-latin-america-148621/

MLA Format

"Power, Hygiene and the Poor in 18th Century Spain and Latin America" 28 October 2011. Web. 27 May. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/power-hygiene-and-the-poor-in-18th-century-spain-and-latin-america-148621/>