Physical Exercise and Stress Reduction Research Paper by write123

Physical Exercise and Stress Reduction
A look at physical fitness and correction officer stress reduction at Attica Prison, New York.
# 106514 | 4,338 words | 11 sources | APA | 2008 | US
Published on Aug 07, 2008 in Medical and Health (General) , Criminology (General)

$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now


Correction officers face many job demands that create tension in the workplace and in other areas of their lives. Stress stems from many sources, including the constant threat of physical violence, and tensions with co-workers. This paper explores sources of job stress and various methods for combating job stress among corrections officers. It supports the thesis that physical exercise plays a major role in the reduction of stress among correction officers in the Attica Prison in New York. It also suggests steps that can be taken to increase physical activity and reduce stress among corrections at this facility.

Benefits to the Facility
Impact of Stress on Correction Officers
Sources of Stress for Correction Officers
A Review of Current Stress Management Strategies
Critical Incident Stress Management Team
Stress Reduction and Exercise
Conclusions and Recommendations

From the Paper:

"A comparison of various programs across the United States revealed that in most cases, these services are provided in-house. Only a small number contract these services from outside the facility (Finn, 2000). New York State has a Stress Debriefing Team which consists of officer peers available to law enforcement and correction officers that experience a critical incident (Finn, 2000). This program includes debriefing by peers for the officer and referral to EAP in some cases (Finn, 2000). The program is available to family members and civilians that are close to the situation. No budget is provided for this program. Officers staff it themselves on a voluntary basis. "

Sample of Sources Used:

  • APA Help Center (2004). Exercise Fuels the Brain's Stress Buffers. Retrieved February 10, 2008 from This article is an official position from the American Psychological Association on the benefits of exercise on the brain. The American Psychological Association is an authority that sets the standards in mental disease evaluation, treatment, and research.
  • Community Emergency Response Teams (CERT) (2008). Citizen Corps. Retrieved February 10, 2008 from This article provides an overview of FEMA Citizen Emergency Response Teams and their role in emergency response. It is a general overview of the program.
  • Degges-White, S., Myers, J., Adelman, J., & Pastoor, D. (2003). Examining Counseling Needs of Headache Patients: An Exploratory Study of Wellness and Perceived Stress. Journal of Mental Health Counseling. 25 (4), 271. Questia Database. A study of 60 adult headache suffers found that stress was a contributing factor in many of the cases. Although the correlation of the study was significant, the directionality of the correlation is unclear. For instance, it is not known if physical pain was the source of stress, or if stress was the cause of physical pain. In either case, physical exercise reduced the symptoms in many suffers.
  • Finn, P. (2000). Addressing Correctional Officer Stress: Programs and Strategies. U US Department of Justice. National Institute of Criminal Justice Document NCJ 183474. Retrieved February 10, 2008 from This 138 page report was prepared for and funded by the US Department of Justice. It compares several stress reduction programs across the United States. It relies on past academic work to support it theory. It relies on case study analysis to support its hypothesis. This comparison highlights the strengths and weaknesses of various programs.
  • Goldsby, M., Kuratko, D., Bishop, J. (2005). Entrepreneurship and Fitness: An Examination of Rigorous Exercise and Goal Attainment among Small Business Owners. Journal of Small Business Management.43 (1), 78. Questia Database. This study used a survey to examine a sample population of 366 small business owners. A majority of the sample participants were male. No gender differences were found. The results of this study show a positive correlation between increased exercise and goal attainment.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Physical Exercise and Stress Reduction (2008, August 07) Retrieved October 21, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Physical Exercise and Stress Reduction" 07 August 2008. Web. 21 October. 2020. <>