Parental Involvement and Student Academic Achievement
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The paper begins by reviewing a study by Hill et al. that aimed to determine whether parental academic involvement is related to the adolescent's aspirations regarding adulthood. The paper relates the methodology and results of the study and includes the author's opinion of the study. Next, the paper reviews the study by Steinberg et al. that found that parental involvement is more likely to promote adolescent school success as long as this academic involvement occurred in the context of an authoritative home environment. The paper outlines the research design, results and the author's perspective on the study and then looks at one more study by Sui-Chu and Willms that also explored the level of parental involvement in academic studies. The paper describes this last study and highlights both its weaknesses and strengths.
From the Paper:"Although research has consistently shown that parental academic involvement is related to academic achievement and that achievement is related to career aspirations, not much is known about whether parental academic involvement is related to the adolescent's aspirations regarding adulthood and about the mechanisms of the influence of these aspirations, particularly through the middle to high school years.
"Although consistent studies have shown association between parental involvement and career aspirations (via enhanced academic achievement, none have studied the underlying mechanisms and none have done so in a reliably empirical manner. This is what Hill et al. (2004) aimed to do.
"Researchers used a longitudinal model where they included socio-economic factors of family and ethnicity as exogenous factors (i.e. independent variables) that influenced other factors in the model. SES was broken into relevant sub-components such as level of parental education and each of these were tested separately. The study included the perspectives of related parents, teachers, and adolescents on parent involvement.
"The commencement of the study was 1989-1988 when children were entering their kindergarten year; multiple schools were identified with emphasis being (not exclusively) on high-risk schools. The inclusive factor was kindergarten age, on children receiving free-or reduced lunch, and on a mix of ethnicity."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Hill, N.E., Castellino, D.R., Lansford, J.E., Nowlin, P., Dodge, K.A., Bates, J.E., &. Pettit, G.S. (2004). Parent Academic Involvement as Related to School Behavior, Achievement, and Aspirations: Demographic Variations Across Adolescence. Child Dev., 75(5), 1491-1509.
- Sui-Chu, E.H., & Willms, J.D. (1996). Effects of Parental Involvement on Eighth-Grade Achievement, Sociology of Education, 69, 126-141
- Steinberg, L., Lamborn, S.D., Dornbusch, S.M., & Darling, N. (1992). Impact of Parenting Practices on Adolescent Achievement: Authoritative Parenting, School Involvement, and Encouragement to Succeed. Child Development, 63, 1266-1281,
Cite this Research Paper:
Parental Involvement and Student Academic Achievement (2013, May 19) Retrieved December 01, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/parental-involvement-and-student-academic-achievement-153292/
"Parental Involvement and Student Academic Achievement" 19 May 2013. Web. 01 December. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/parental-involvement-and-student-academic-achievement-153292/>