Outward Bound Programs Research Paper by Nicky

An observer's review and literature of outward bound programs.
# 151226 | 2,003 words | 5 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on May 30, 2012 in Business (Management)

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This paper discusses how the Outward Bound program is one of the oldest and more reputable of the outdoor education programs available and how they provide a variety of programs to a number of persons around the globe. The paper also discusses their importance to the business world and how outdoor experiences offer teams the ability to grow trust, and their ability to co-operate through overcoming challenges in a wilderness setting. In this paper, the author observes an Outward Bound session, reviews the literature on the subject and makes recommendations for improvements to the program.

Aims and Initial in Plan for the Teaching Session
Literature Review
New Plan

From the Paper:

"Team building in corporations depends on the ability to use all of its resources. Social capital is defined as the collective benefits and risks that are associated with each member of a group (Glover, Perry, & Shinew, 2005). Each member of the group "owns" a measured portion of the risks and benefits associated with an activity. The outdoor experience highlights the interdependence of the group members on each other. The element of realizing the shared benefits and risks is the key purpose behind the experience. Everyone has something to gain and something to lose.
"Several elements can affect the ability of the program to achieve its goals. One of these is gender bias and gender roles, both in the office and in the program. A recent study found that males and females often have different experiences based on socialization (Delay & Dymnent, 2003). National culture can also affect the experiences of the participants in the program (Sibthorp, Paisley, & Hill, 2003; Kluge, 2005). Culturally based biases can interfere with the ability to achieve program goals. Other factors, including age, also play a role in the ability of the program to achieve its goals. "

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Delay, R. & Dyment, J. (2003). A Toolkit for Gender-Inclusive Wilderness Leadership. JOPERD--The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance. 74.(7): 28.
  • Glover, T., Parry, D. & Shinew, K. (2005). Building Relationships, Accessing Resources: Mobilizing Social Capital in Community Garden Contexts. Journal of Leisure Research. 37 (4): 450.
  • Kluge, M. (2005). It's Never Too Late to Dare: Outdoor Adventure Programming for the Age Wave. the Retirement of the Baby-Boom Generation Will Bring Many New Clients to Traditional Recreation Programs for Older Adults. Expanding Outdoor Adventure Recreation to Include Older Adults Will Help to Serve This Population. JOPERD--The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance. 76 (5): 39.
  • Orsega-Smith, E., Getchell, N., Neeld, K. & Mackenzie, S. (2008). Teaming Up for Senior Fitness: A Group-Based Approach; Physical Activity May Be the Closest Thing to a "Fountain of Youth," but Older Adults Face Unique Barriers to Participation. JOPERD-- The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance. 79 (1): 39.
  • Sibthorp, J., Paisley, K. & Hill, E. (2003). Intentional Programming in Wilderness Education: Revisiting Its Roots. JOPERD--The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance. 74 (8): 21.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Outward Bound Programs (2012, May 30) Retrieved January 29, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/outward-bound-programs-151226/

MLA Format

"Outward Bound Programs" 30 May 2012. Web. 29 January. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/outward-bound-programs-151226/>