Organizational Structure and Project Management Research Paper by Nicky

A look at how organizational structure and culture affects project management implementation and success.
# 151334 | 6,553 words | 14 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on May 31, 2012 in Business (Management)

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This paper discusses how companies of all types and sizes will eventually be required to manage projects of some type, and how in some cases this will be the essence of their competitive advantage. No matter what type of organization or project is involved, though, effective project management represents an important function that can be facilitated by the selection of the appropriate organizational structure and the type of organizational culture that is in place. The paper examines how study to determine what organizational structures are typically used for project management applications and to better understand how an organization's culture can affect this process. To this end, a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning these issues is presented, followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.

Chapter 1: Introduction
Background and Overview
Importance of the Study
Chapter 2: Review of the Literature
Impact of Organizational Structure on Project Management
Impact of Organizational Culture on Project Management
Chapter 3: Analysis
Evaluation Concerning How Much is Currently Known Concerning the Impact of Organizational Structure and Culture on Project Management
Discussion Concerning Quality of Literature
Evaluation of the Need and Significance of New Research Directions
Chapter 4: Conclusion

From the Paper:

"Just as the type of organizational structure that is used for one project may prove fruitful in terms of contributing to its success but which will not operate as effectively for others, the same type of organizational culture that is successful in one case may not be appropriate for other projects - or may result in initial success but long-term failure. For example, Frame cites the case of Digital Equipment which employed what the author terms "a macho management" approach to its efforts to develop an early mini-computer in the 1980s: "The corporate culture in which project team members found themselves oozed testosterone," Frames notes, and adds, "Team members visualized themselves as gunslingers [who] lived by the credo, 'Ours is not to reason why, ours is but to do and die'" (p. 36). Although the company was successful in achieving its goal of developing a viable mini-computer in record time, the majority of the project management team members left the organization as soon as the project was completed because of dissatisfaction with the organizational culture that drove them to this successful outcome."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Allcorn, S. (1992). Codependency in the workplace: A guide for employee assistance and human resource professionals. New York: Quorum Books.
  • Al Zarooni, S., Abdou, A. & Lewis, J. (2006). Public healthcare project appraisal in the United Arab Emirates: Towards better feasibility. Architectural Science Review, 49(1), 31-32.
  • Bissell, B. L. & Zamora, B. (1999). Organizational structure: The neglected aspect of the management of modern environmental health organizations. Journal of Environmental Health, 55(8), 23-24.
  • Boxx, W. R., Odom, R. Y. & Dunn, M. G. (1991). Organizational values and value congruency and their impact on satisfaction, commitment, and cohesion: An empirical examination within the public sector. Public Personnel Management, 20(2), 195-196.
  • Briscoe, D. R. & Schuler, R. S. (2004). International human resource management: Policies & practices for the global enterprise. New York: Routledge.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Organizational Structure and Project Management (2012, May 31) Retrieved June 01, 2023, from

MLA Format

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