Open Skies Agreements: A Dual-Edged Sword Research Paper by Nicky

An in-depth exploration of the benefits and risks of open skies agreements in the U.S. for airlines, pilots and consumers.
# 150275 | 4,442 words | 14 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jan 30, 2012 in Business (Industries) , Aviation, Aeronautics (General)

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The paper closely examines the impact of open skies agreements on domestic and international carriers, the current status of international open skies agreements, and the economic impact of these agreements. The paper concludes that open skies agreements can help create jobs, fuel economic growth and provide improved service for consumers and businesses alike, however, liberalized air service can spell trouble for airline pilots who will be competing with international carriers whose governments may be subsidizing their service. The paper includes numerous figures, graphs and tables.

Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: The Impact of Open Skies Agreements on Domestic and International Carriers
Chapter 3: Current Status of International Open Skies Agreements
Chapter 4: The Economic Impact of Open Skies Agreements

From the Paper:

"The aviation industry has suffered from a triple whammy during the past decade. Following the horsewhipping the industry received as a result of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, a more recent global recession and skyrocketing energy costs have caused a number of legacy carriers to seek protection using Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings while others have simply folded. The current state of affairs, though, did not develop during the past decade alone, but is rather the results of almost a century's worth of increasing deregulation of the aviation industry in the United States. For instance, during the 30-year period from 1919 to 1949, a framework of international regulation emerged in response to the economic, technological and political developments that were taking place in air transport (Doganis, 2002). This framework was consistent and, generally speaking, global in its applicability to the aviation industry (Doganis, 2002). Moreover, during the post-World War II period from 1950 to the 1970s, this international regulatory framework was followed without significant changes; the framework was triangulated, being based on (a) bilateral air service agreements, (b) on inter-airline pooling agreements and (c) on the tariffs and pricing agreements that were agreed upon under the auspices of the International Air Transport Association (IATA) (Doganis, 2002)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Baker, C. (2004, March 1). Air France-KLM approved; competition regulators in Brussels have approved Air France's takeover of KLM, deciding the consumer comes out of the deal as a net winner. Washington also says it will not oppose the deal. Airline Business, 9.
  • Bilotkach, V. (2002). Asymmetric regulation and airport dominance in international aviation: Evidence from the London-New York market. Southern Economic Journal, 74(2), 505- 506.
  • Doganis, R. (2002). Flying off course: The economics of international airlines. London: Routledge.
  • The economic impact of air service liberalization. (2007). InterVISTAS-ga2. [Online]. Available: :// Liberalization_FinalReport.pdf.
  • Commercial aviation: Legacy airlines must further reduce costs to restore profitability. (2004, August). GAO. [Online]. Available:

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Open Skies Agreements: A Dual-Edged Sword (2012, January 30) Retrieved December 08, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Open Skies Agreements: A Dual-Edged Sword" 30 January 2012. Web. 08 December. 2023. <>