Neural Plasticity as we Age Research Paper by Nicky

Neural Plasticity as we Age
A review of the research on neuroplasticity in both adults and children.
# 150202 | 2,345 words | 23 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jan 29, 2012 in Biology (General)


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Description:

The paper argues that neuroplasticity, the ability of the neural pathways to create new pathways for information and behavioral cues when such alternatives are necessary, is a phenomena that is as active in adults as it is in children, whether in the absence or presence of disease or injury to the neural network pathways. The paper explains the various differences between the way in which an adult and a child reformulate behaviors through neuroplasticity and concludes that the very fact that new technology and the adult adaptation to using it proliferates in modern society is proof that neuroplasticity is not only present in adults, but can be profoundly utilized to redirect the manner in which we do everyday and novel tasks. This paper contains figures.

Outline:
Neuroplasticity and Aging
A New View on the Adult Neural Network
Understanding Neural Pathway Preferences
Neuroplasticity Changes with Age
Conclusion

From the Paper:

"Neuroplasticity in general is the ability of the neural networks of the body to reform and change according to the environment, both external and internal to adapt to new needs and behaviors. It was once believed that the human neural networks were fundamentally set at certain developmental stages. (Reilly, Weckerly & Wulfeck, 2004, p. 39) This clearly supported biological claims that children's neural networks are far more plastic than adults, especially with regard to adaptability regarding the manner in which and the areas of the brain that garner language, sight, hearing and other major areas of development. These discoveries of adaptability coupled with the belief that there were discrete end points to how and when children learned certain major behaviors was though to make it impossible for an adult to alter these networks after he or she had reached a certain developmental level. (Reilly, Weckerly & Wulfeck, 2004, p. 40)
"More recent research indicates that though Neuroplasticity is fundamentally more active in children and especially very young children and specifically regarding major developmental milestones, such as sight, hearing and language acquisition that Neuroplasticity is to some degree still very active in adults. (Willis, 2008) (Maratsos & Matheny, 1994) (Noelker, Rockwood, Sprott, & Schulz, 2006, p. 73) This then makes adult learning and behavior change possible and some neuroadaptability to exist even after brain or neuro injury or disease. Though adults recovering from neural injury or disease may adapt to do things in an entirely and sometimes unsatisfactory manner relearning is still possible following such events."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Alm, H., Scholz, B., Fischer, C., Kultima, K., Viberg, H., Eriksson, P., et al. (2006). Proteomic Evaluation of Neonatal Exposure to 2, 2'4, 4'5-Pentabromodiphenyl Ether. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114(2), 254.
  • Arnstein, P. M. (June 1997) The neuroplastic phenomenon: a physiologic link between chronic pain and learning. Journal of Neuroscience Nursing.
  • Becker, H. C. (2000). Animal Models of Alcohol Withdrawal. Alcohol Research & Health, 24(2), 105.
  • Capaldi, E., Robinson, G., & Fahrbach, S. (1999). NEUROETHOLOGY OF SPATIAL LEARNING: The Birds and the Bees. 651.
  • Dingemans, M. M., Ramakers, G. M., Gardoni, F., Van Kleef, R. G., Bergman, A., Di Luca, M., et al. (2007). Neonatal Exposure to Brominated Flame Retardant BDE-47 Reduces Long-Term Potentiation and Postsynaptic Protein Levels in Mouse Hippocampus. Environmental Health Perspectives, 115(6), 865.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Neural Plasticity as we Age (2012, January 29) Retrieved July 12, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/neural-plasticity-as-we-age-150202/

MLA Format

"Neural Plasticity as we Age" 29 January 2012. Web. 12 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/neural-plasticity-as-we-age-150202/>

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