Nanking's Genocide and Revisionist History
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This paper examines the revisionist viewpoint on the rape of Nanking in relation to a mass of factual and research evidence, and finds that there is a strong revisionist attempt to reduce the significance and tragedy of the event. The paper notes the many inconsistencies and discrepancies in the reports and the dispute regarding the number of Chinese civilians killed. The paper concludes, however, that what is no longer able to be disputed with any confidence or certainty is that these events did occur and that they can be referred to as atrocities, and thus the revisionist position is a stance that attempts to ignore or purposely invalidate the historical reality of these events.
Background and Overview
Background and Overview
From the Paper:"The silence about the rape and massacre of Nanking has been broken in recent years, A number of well-received books and studies about the actual events have been published, as well as commentary and reports in various media, which have tended to encourage a resurgence of attention and criticism about the events that took place in the city under Japanese occupation.
"This resurgence of open historical inquiry and the reiteration of the question as to why such an horrific incident should be relegated to the backwaters of historical and popular consciousness, has also led to a reassessment from the side of the revisionist historians and journalists. These include claims for Japanese revisionists that "... critics have stretched tales of Japanese brutality as means of putting political pressure on Japan and winning compensation". There has in fact been a revisionist interpretation of the events at Nanking since the 1900s, with the intention of either ignoring or invalidating the resurgence of interest in the horrific facts of rape, torture and wanton slaughter attributed to the Japanese forces. For example, a report in 1995 states that the Japanese Supreme Court ruled that the "... government illegally deleted references in schoolbooks to atrocities the Japanese army committed during the war.""
Sample of Sources Used:
- Chang I. Exposing The Rape Of Nanking: Exclusive Excerpts From A Chinese-American Author's Unflinching Re-Examination Of One Of The Most Horrifying Chapters Of The Second World War, Dec 1, 1997, accessed 13 February 2003;available from http://www.newsweek.com/id/97533; Internet.
- Durdin T. "All Captives Slain," The New York Times, 18 December 1937.
- Furtado P. "Nanking on Screen," History Today, June 2008, 7, accessed 7 July 2009; available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5027686810; Internet;
- Honda Katsuichi, The Nanjing Massacre: A Japanese Journalist Confronts Japan's National Shame, ed. Gibney, Frank, trans. Karen Sandness, (Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1999, accessed 7 July 2009, 262; available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=59112510; Internet.
- Jenkins, Russell, "The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II", National Review, November 10, 1997.
Cite this Research Paper:
Nanking's Genocide and Revisionist History (2012, January 01) Retrieved July 05, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/nanking-genocide-and-revisionist-history-149802/
"Nanking's Genocide and Revisionist History" 01 January 2012. Web. 05 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/nanking-genocide-and-revisionist-history-149802/>