Motivation and the Brain Research Paper by Spirittalk

Looks at the brain structures and functions associated with the motivation to refrain from using drugs.
# 119198 | 1,480 words | 15 sources | APA | 2010 | US

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This paper explains that the brain structures and functions implicated in the motivation to refrain from using drugs involve the reinforcing effects of DA in the fore brain, the afferent part of the basal ganglia concerned with control and habit and two masses of opiate receptors and neural bodies in the vicinity of the septum pellucidum. Although the motivation can be extrinsic or intrinsic, the author believes that the intrinsic nature of the desire to refrain from using drugs is more successful in long-term behavior modification but must begin with the fulfillment of deficiency needs. The paper also reviews factors, such as genetics and environment, in drug use and the motivation to stop.

Table of Contents:
Brain Structures and Functions
Extrinsic factors
Intrinsic Factors
Factors of the Environment and Heredity

From the Paper:

"The desire to refrain from using drugs, with regard to extrinsic factors, involves motivations that may be unrelated to the task at hand. An example of extrinsic motivation may include obtaining a job that requires one to be "clean;" the external reward would be money; however, coercion, intimidation, duress, force, punishment, and obligation also can be considered extrinsic motivation. If the individual desirers to refrain from using drugs, and he or she is in a situation in which another is in control via incarceration, in-house treatment facility, or some other form of internment, the effectiveness of the extrinsic motivation is enhanced."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Alexander Kjerulf. (2006). Why "Motivation by Pizza" Doesn't Work. Retrieved from
  • Analytic Technologies. (2009). Theories of Motivation. Retrieved from
  • DeYoung, C., Quilty, L., & Peterson, J. (2007). Between facets and domains: 10 aspects of the Big Five. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93(5), 880-896. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.93.5.880.
  • Farris State University. (2009). Intrinsic versus Extrinsic Motivation. Retrieved from
  • Florida International University. (2009). Intrinsic/Extrinsic motivation and Hierarchy of Needs. Retrieved from http://this causes you to do certain things (behavior), which satisfy those needs (satisfaction), and this can then change which needs/wants are primary (either intensifying certain ones, or allowing you to move on to other ones).

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Motivation and the Brain (2010, April 09) Retrieved December 03, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Motivation and the Brain" 09 April 2010. Web. 03 December. 2021. <>