Mechanisms of Tooth Whitening Research Paper by Jay Writtings LLC

Mechanisms of Tooth Whitening
An in-depth examination of tooth whitening procedures and products available.
# 120324 | 2,631 words | 9 sources | MLA | 2010 | US
Published on Jun 09, 2010 in Medical and Health (Dentistry)

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The paper overviews the anatomy of the tooth and the mechanisms of its structure, and provides a color diagram that illustrates the anatomy of a permanent lower tooth and its supporting tissues. The paper then discusses the development of stains and pellicle film on the teeth, and explains how tooth whiteners work. The paper focuses on professional whitening procedures, at-home procedures and over-the-counter tooth whitening products, and then explores the effect of differing concentrations of hydrogen peroxide. The paper describes a study that evaluated the safety of tooth whitening products and reaches the conclusion that the general health risks of tooth whitening are very minimal. The paper includes numerous other graphs and diagrams.

Tooth Anatomy
Development of Stains and Pellicle Film
The Solution: Tooth Whiteners
Effect of Concentration of Hydrogen Peroxide
A Case Study: Xtra White vs. Colgate Simply White

From the Paper:

"It has become an increasingly popular global desire for individuals to obtain whiter, brighter smiles. Pearl-white teeth look healthier, boost an individual's self confidence, and are more attractive overall. Years of consuming products such as coffee, wine, and soda contribute to an undesirable tooth color ranging from shades of yellow, orange, brown, grey, and even some of blue or green tint. The strong aspiration to achieve a healthier looking smile is reflected in the increasing demand for over-the-counter tooth whitening toothpastes, gels, chewing gums, floss, toothbrushes, and strips. Other people have turned to their dentists for professional care in their attempt to maximally whiten their teeth."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • ADA Statement on the Safety and Effectiveness of Tooth Whitening Products. American Dental Association, retrieved 5 April 2004, from
  • Col, Jeananda. Tooth Anatomy. Enchanted Learning 2001, retrieved 6 April 2004, from
  • Collins, Luisa Zoe et. al. Safety evaluation of a novel whitening gel, containing 6% hydrogen peroxide and a commercially available whitening gel containing 18% carbamide peroxide in an exaggerated use clinical study. Journal of Dentistry, Volume 32, Issue 1, November 2003, Pages 47-50.
  • Komaroff, Anthony et. al (1999). Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide. Simon & Schuster.
  • Li, Y. Biological properties of peroxide-containing tooth whiteners. Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 34, Issue 9, September 1996, Pages 887-895.

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