Low Income Housing Initiatives in Brazil and China Research Paper by Nicky

An examination of the low income housing initiatives in Brazil and China.
# 150855 | 2,983 words | 11 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Apr 29, 2012 in Political Science (Non-U.S.) , Asian Studies (General)

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This paper provides an examination concerning the impact of low-income housing on two different countries, Brazil and China, including a comparison of what measures the respective governments of Brazil and China are taking, as well as initiatives sponsored by nongovernmental organizations and individual entrepreneurs. The paper explores the complexity of social change impediments as well as the involvement of social workers, activists, diplomats, or others involved with the situation in these two countries. The paper finds that Brazil appears to have been more successful in addressing the problem of providing low-income housing. Tables and graphs are included in the paper.

Review and Discussion

From the Paper:

"While there are some profound cross-cultural differences among the peoples of the world, everyone shares many common values and needs, including having enough to eat, decent clothes to wear, a desire for their children to enjoy more advantages, and a safe and affordable place to live. In this regard, Byrne and Diamond (2007) emphasize that around the world, "Housing provides a necessary foundation for physical and social life. It provides shelter, security, recreation, and wealth. It plays a central role in the health and well-being of its occupants and also supports their employment and educational endeavors. Among the poor, there is a severe shortage of adequate, affordable housing" (p. 527). Because any type of housing requires property, though, the debate concerning how to increase the levels of low-income housing in developing nations is far more complex than many people might realize. For instance, Pindell (2006) emphasizes that, "Increasing poor people's access to property and shelter in urban settings raises difficult questions over how to define property and, likewise, how to communicate who is entitled to legal property protections" (p. 435). Moreover, the problem of providing low-income housing is truly staggering, with approximately a half a billion urban dwellers alone being homeless or living in inadequate housing around the world today (UN global report on human settlements, 2009)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Black's law dictionary. (1991). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
  • Byrne, J. P. & Diamond, M. (2007). Housing, land tenure, and urban policy: The matrix revealed. Fordham Urban Law Journal, 34(2), 527-528.
  • CIA world factbook. (2009). [Online]. Available: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the- world-factbook/index.html.
  • Clarke, C. & Howard, D. (2006). Contradictory socio-economic consequences of structural adjustment in Kingston, Jamaica. The Geographical Journal, 172(2), 106-107.
  • Global report on human settlements. (1999). United Nations. [Online]. Available: http://www. un.org/cyberschoolbus/habitat/background/bg2.asp.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Low Income Housing Initiatives in Brazil and China (2012, April 29) Retrieved May 27, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/low-income-housing-initiatives-in-brazil-and-china-150855/

MLA Format

"Low Income Housing Initiatives in Brazil and China" 29 April 2012. Web. 27 May. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/low-income-housing-initiatives-in-brazil-and-china-150855/>