Journal Writing and Critical Thinking Skills Research Paper by Nicky

Journal Writing and Critical Thinking Skills
A literature review on the benefits of reflective journal writing for occupational health students.
# 149143 | 2,845 words | 12 sources | APA | 2011 | US
Published on Nov 27, 2011 in Education (Higher) , Education (Teaching Methods)

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The paper explores the literature to demonstrate that journal writing is an excellent way to stimulate the critical thinking processes of occupational health students while they gain clinical experience. The paper examines the 'experiential learning theory' and 'learning style inventories' (LSI) and shows how the practice of posing questions to students results in a more optimal development of critical thinking skills, particularly for those in the occupation health field who have had no previous experience upon which to base their newly acquired knowledge.

Theoretical Foundations
Summary and Conclusion

From the Paper:

"The work of Walker (2006) entitled: "Journal Writing as a Teaching Technique to Promote Reflection" reports a study with the objective of introducing the process of journal writing for the purpose of promoting reflection and in order to discuss the techniques and strategies needed for implementation of journal writing. It is stated by Walker that journal writing assignments "can benefit students by enhancing reflection, facilitating critical thought, expressing feelings and writing focused arguments." (2006, p.1) Moreover, Walker holds that journal writing is easily adapted into the clinical course of the student for assisting with "bridging the gap between classroom and clinical knowledge." (2006, p.1)
"Walker relates that the expert practitioner is one who conducts experimentation 'on the spot with previous data or engages in what is called reflection-in-action." (2006, p.1) Reflection-in-action is stated to occur when the individual "reshapes what he or she is doing while doing it." (Walker, 2006, p.1) However, the student is not in possession of experiential knowledge from which to draw upon and is unable to 'reflect-in-action' as are the skilled practitioners able to do so. Journal writing assist students as they progress through their educational attainment through the practice and habitual use of 'reflection-in-action skills."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Facione, P. A. (1991). Using the California Critical Thinking Skills Test in research, evaluation and assessment. Millbrae, CA: California Academic Press.
  • Facione, P. A., Facione, N. C., & Giancarlo, C. A. (2002). Test manual: The California Critical Thinking Skills Test. Millbrae, CA: California Academic Press.
  • Ghaffari, Masoud (2009) Learning Pathophysiology by Journal Writing: The synergy of Art and Science The International Journal of Learning. Volume 15, Issue 9, pp.11-24.January 10, 2004 Online available at:
  • Kolb, D. (1984). Experiential learning: experience as the source of learning and development. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  • Mitchell, AW and Batorski, RE (2009) A Study of Critical Reasoning in Online Learning: Application of the Occupational Performance Process Model. Occup Ther Int. 2009;16(2):134-53.

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APA Format

Journal Writing and Critical Thinking Skills (2011, November 27) Retrieved December 02, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Journal Writing and Critical Thinking Skills" 27 November 2011. Web. 02 December. 2023. <>