Intellectual Achievement of Classical Islam Research Paper by The Research Group

Intellectual Achievement of Classical Islam
An examination of the accomplishments in science, astronomy, philosophy and commerce.
# 24407 | 3,600 words | 10 sources | 2002 | US
Published on Apr 12, 2003 in Religion and Theology (Islam) , Philosophy (History)

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Examines accomplishments in science, astronomy, philosophy, commerce. Impact of internal political strife and from foreign external invasions. Political and economic fragmenttion. Closing the gates of intellectual freedom, "ijtihad" or independent inquiry. Why the gates were closed and to what degree did the closing ccause general intellectual decline. Islamic law & legal system. Islamic faith.

From the Paper:

"The Gates Of Ijtihad
Intellectual Freedom and Constraint in Classical Islam

The brilliance of classical Islamic civilization in its first four centuries is inescapable, and for the West it is no recent discovery. Indeed, knowledge of Islamic intellectual achievements, and the fact that at one time they greatly surpassed the West, are both deeply rooted in Western intellectual lore. The medieval West recovered much of its "lost" Greek intellectual heritage, such as Aristotle, not directly from Greek or even classical Latin but through translations from Arabic (Rosenthal, 1965, p. 14)."

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