Inscriptions in Old Futhark Research Paper by Dante885

Inscriptions in Old Futhark
Presents linguistic observations on inscriptions written in old Futhark.
# 152442 | 4,355 words | 106 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on Feb 13, 2013 in Anthropology (Europe) , History (European) , Linguistics (General)

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This paper explains that runes are symbols carved on stone, wood or derivatives dating between the second century and the twelfth century AD, using the alphabet called Anglo-Saxon futhork. Next, the author reviews the extensive debate on the origin, formation, structure, utilization and intended use of the futhark that has been going on for more than a century. The paper concludes that, even though the anthroponomical connections between Scandinavia and the Continent underwent significant changes after the decline of Runic writing and the advent and development of Latin writing, it is beyond doubt that Runic writing was of fundamental importance in ancient times. foot notes are included.

From the Paper:

"Nedoma, while accepting the religious and epigraphic use, finds that the ability to write some names of people or living beings could help exert certain "magic" powers on them, not necessarily towards a good end, of which there is evidence in some Nordic sagas and fairy tales. For this reason, some Runenmeister consciously created anagrams for their names.
"As has been repeatedly stated, runes are difficult to interpret; a concrete example of the difficulties of interpretation of runic inscriptions is seen in fibulae found in the southern Germanic world, one of which was discovered along with other material in the tomb of a woman (tomb 509), which emerged as a result of excavations dating back to 1932 in a large necropolis at Schretzheim, near Dillingen on the Danube. Koch has dated the tomb back to 65-590/600 AD. For his part, Roth dates the fibula back to the second half of the sixth century. In 1946, the back of the fibula revealed a runic inscription consisting of two lines. The first line, which goes from right to left, is interpreted by Krause as "one who undertakes the journey". The second line stands at the centre of the fibula and its common interpretation is leubo (short male name)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Aarne, Antti A, and Stith Thompson. 1964. The types of the folktale a classification and bibliography ; Antti Aarne's Verzeichnis der Marchentypen. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia.
  • Ammianus, Marcellinus. 1963. I-{III} No Title. Heinemannn. London: John C. Rolfe.
  • Andersson, Torsten. 1995. "Nordische und kontinentalgermanische Orts-und Personennamenstruktur in alter Zeit." In Nordwestgermanisch, Edith Marold, Christiane Zimmermann, p. 28.
  • Antonsen, Elmer H. 1975. 26, 28 A concise grammar of the older Runic inscriptions. Tubingen: M. Niemeyer.
  • ------. 1982. "Zum Ursprung und Alter des germanischen FuTHORNarks." In Festschrift fur Karl Schneider. Gebustag am 18 April 1982, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Ernst Dick & Kurt Jankowski, p. 3-15.

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