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This paper specifically explores the factors associated with low reading ability and what we can do to improve struggling readers, and argues that the Listening Passage Preview and Error Correction Word Drill are empirically supported fluency interventions that will produce more robust, positive outcomes for the student experiencing reading difficulties. The paper also discusses how providing the reading intervention in a one-on-one setting will prove more effective than a small group setting. The paper maintains that it is incumbent on educational leaders to identify best practices in increasing reading fluency to use in improved decision-making regarding reading programs. The paper includes some reference material.
From the Paper:"Determining the best strategy or program to strengthen the child's reading skills during first grade, contrary to choosing the flavor of ice cream one might offer a child, requires concentrated cultured consideration. A myriad of options, however, like flavors of ice cream, abound for the educator to decipher and determine what may be done to improve struggling readers' reading skills. Although a number of educators agree that reading comprehension comprises one of most critical skills the student learns in school, less agreement exists regarding the most effective methods for remediating reading comprehension problems.
"According to Dr. Linda K. Crowe (2005), Kansas State University, in the study, "Comparison of Two Oral Reading Feedback Strategies in Improving Reading Comprehension..., much research in this area has endeavored to maintain the superiority of one of two distinct linear reading instruction models "bottom up or top down (i.e., phonics and whole language...). However, some authors have suggested that integrating strategies from the two models of instruction constitutes a more balanced approach for promoting reading comprehension" ( 1). Integrated models of reading instruction simultaneously help the reader improve in two areas of need. During the proposed study, the researcher asserts that in a similar sense, pairing the two interventions of Listening Passage Preview and Error Correction Word Drill will produce more robust, positive outcomes for the student experiencing reading difficulties."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Browder, D.M., Ahlgrim-delzell, L., Courtade, G., Gibbs, C.L. & Flowers, C. (2008). Evaluation of the effectiveness of an early literacy program for students with significant developmental disabilities. Exceptional Children. Council for Exceptional Children. Retrieved April 02, 2010 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1 184231219.html
- Burns, M.K. & Wagner, D. (2008). Determining an Effective Intervention Within a Brief Experimental Analysis for Reading: A Meta-Analytic Review. School Psychology Review. Retrieved April 02, 2010 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1461982451.html
- Clementi, L.B. (2010). A motivating method to improve reading fluency: even reluctant readers perk up when teachers use a reading practice that is fun for students, even in the content areas, as well as effective. Phi Delta Kappan. Phi Delta Kappa, Inc. Retrieved April 02, 2010 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-219589872.html
- Craft, K., & Robles-Pina, R. (2008, October 10). Increasing Reading Fluency of Elementary Students: Information for the Educational Leader to Use in Making Decisions. Retrieved April 3, 2010 from http://cnx.org/content/m17686/1.2/
- Crowe, L. K. (2005). Comparison of Two Oral Reading Feedback Strategies in Improving Reading Comprehension of School-Age Children with Low Reading Ability. Remedial and Special Education, 26(1), 32+. Retrieved April 2, 2010, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5009261585
Cite this Research Paper:
Improving Reading Fluency in First Graders (2013, January 10) Retrieved January 21, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/improving-reading-fluency-in-first-graders-152185/
"Improving Reading Fluency in First Graders" 10 January 2013. Web. 21 January. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/improving-reading-fluency-in-first-graders-152185/>