Hydroelectric Power Plants
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This paper examines the theory, components and mechanics of a hydropower plant and explains how water is controlled and converted into fluid power and then into electrical power. The paper discusses the two main categories of hydroelectric power generation; conventional methods and pumped storage methods, and identifies the four major components involved in generating electricity through hydroelectric power plants. The paper provides a brief overview of hydropower in the United States and looks at future hydroelectric power plant design. Finally, the paper considers the environmental impacts of hydroelectric power plants and discusses how they must be weighed against the environmental impacts of alternative sources of electricity.
From the Paper:"The world's oldest power source is flowing water. The first recorded use of water power was a clock, built around 250 BC. Since that time, humans have used falling water to provide power for grain and saw mills, as well as a host of other applications. Many of the earliest civilizations which arose in the Tigris-Euphrates valley of Mesopotamia and in Egypt and China relied upon the availability of flowing rivers to provide mechanical power for basic human necessities, such as grinding grain. Water power was also used by the ancient Greeks to turn water wheels for grinding wheat into flour, more than two-thousand years ago.
"In the eighteenth century, mechanical hydropower was used extensively for milling and pumping. The first use of moving water to produce electricity was a waterwheel on the Fox river in Wisconsin in 1882, two years after Thomas Edison unveiled the incandescent light bulb. The first of many hydro electric power plants at Niagara Falls was completed shortly thereafter."
Cite this Research Paper:
Hydroelectric Power Plants (2003, September 23) Retrieved April 18, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/hydroelectric-power-plants-34378/
"Hydroelectric Power Plants" 23 September 2003. Web. 18 April. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/hydroelectric-power-plants-34378/>