Hate Speech on the College Campus Research Paper

Hate Speech on the College Campus
An examination of hate speech on college campuses and its status under the First Amendment.
# 153904 | 0 words | 0 sources | 2013 | US
Published on Jun 16, 2014 in English (General)

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From the Paper:

"Hate Speech is "speech that attacks a person or group on the basis of race, religion, gender, or sexual orientation." (Dictionary.com) The group can be race related, religion related, gender related, or sexual orientation related. Some forms of hate speech are often more accepted than others, an example being sexist remarks. In the article "The Chilly Climate on College Campuses: An Expansion of the 'Hate Speech" Debate' by Katharine T. Bartlett and Jean O'Barr explores the idea that sexist remarks should be considered just as hateful as remarks that race based. While sexist remarks are covered under Hate Speech, what the average person considers Hate Speech remains up for debate.
"In order for speech to be considered hate speech, the language used must be utilized in order to intimidate a group of people. Sexism is found to be extremely prevalent on campus, with the examples of "faculty members use tones that communicate interest, and "assum[e] a posture of attentiveness (for example, leaning forward) when men speak, "but a patronizing or impatient tone and inattentive posture(such as looking at the clock) when talking with women..." (Bartlett/O'Barr 575) The clear lack of interest from the professor to a female student, while not using words, can intimidate the female student and she may feel pressure to not speak anymore. With her right to speak being taken away because of intimidation, it is stopping her gender from flourishing. This is the primary goal of hate speech. By professors changing the way they speak to their female students, it is found that "patterns of women's speech that appear to correspond to the devaluation that women experience in relation to their male peers." (Bartlett/O'Barr 577) It means that women are turning on other women, which can correspond with the more typical ways hate speech is shown (a Jewish person who is regularly a victim of hate speech may believe that their Jewish religion is bad or desire not to be Jewish any longer)."

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