Gender Identity Disorder: A Review Research Paper

Gender Identity Disorder: A Review
A literature review and case study of gender identity disorder.
# 154067 | 1,615 words | 5 sources | 2011 | US
Published on Nov 06, 2014 in Psychology (Disorders) , Gender and Sexuality (Transgender)

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From the Paper:

"The purpose of this paper is to discuss gender identity disorder. First it will provide a definition for gender identity and explain what the disorder associated with this is. Second the author will describe some of the symptoms associated with gender identity disorder. Then an explanation of treatments will be given. Finally, the paper will end with information given to the author by a friend who claims to suffer from gender identity disorder.
"Gender identity is defined as "One's psychological sense of being female or being male" (Nevid, Rathus, & Greene, 2011). When an individual has a serious and distressing conflict between their anatomical sex and their sense of what that identity is, they may have a gender identity disorder (Nevid et al., 2011). In order for it to be classified as such, there are four criteria that have to be met. The first two are that the afflicted individual would have to continuously feel a powerful identification with the opposite gender and that this conflict must cause them an extreme amount of discomfort (American Psychiatric Association [DSM-IV-TR], 2000). There can be no "intersex condition" that may be causing the individual to feel the previously mentioned conditions (DSM-IV-TR, 2000) and the feelings and conflict must be causing significant amounts of impairment in their daily functioning (DSM-IV-TR, 2000).
"The disorder can begin to show signs in early childhood and the DSM-IV requires at least four out of five criteria to be present to make the diagnosis. First, the child must consistently express that they are the wrong sex and want to become the opposite sex (DSM-IV-TR, 2000) Second is that the child must persistently express a preference for wearing the clothing of the opposite gender (DSM-IV-TR, 2000). Fantasies and role playing about being a member of the opposite sex occurring continuously is the third criteria (DSM-IV-TR, 2000). The fourth is that the child wants to take part mostly in activities indicative of the opposite sex (DSM-IV-TR, 2000). The fifth possible criteria is that when it is usual for the child to prefer being around members of their own sex, they show a strong preference to play with the opposite sex (DSM-IV-TR, 2000). It is important to note that making such a diagnosis in children must only happen if four out of five of these behaviors are persistently occurring (Nevid et al., 2011)."

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