Gender Dysphoria in Children Research Paper by Nicky

Gender Dysphoria in Children
An analysis of research and literature focusing on the experience of transgendered and gender dysphoric children.
# 145063 | 3,885 words | 18 sources | APA | 2010 | US

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This paper analyzes and summarizes relevant peer-reviewed, scholarly, and reliable online literature to provide an overview of transgendered children in general and gender dysphoric children through puberty in particular. The paper asserts that gender is not an absolute or guaranteed condition in the human experience, and that even young children can experience some confusion concerning their perceptions of what gender they should be based on powerful family, cultural and social influences. This confused sense can result in subjective distress that is known as gender dysphoria, the paper explains; while most adolescents tend to grow out of their gender dysphoric state, some continue to experience this dichotomy between their anatomical and mental sense of their gender. The paper features an analysis of three studies, from the varying perspectives of essentialism, environmentalism, and constructivism, respectively. The paper concludes with an explanation concerning the rationale used by the respective researchers for selecting this theoretical basis, followed by a summary of the research and salient findings. An annotated reference page is also provided.

Review and Analysis
Transgendered Children

From the Paper:

" While some transgendered youths experience verbal abuse and bullying, some are even subjected to outright physical torture and death as a result of their transgendered nature, with some high-profile cases including the 1993 murder of Brandon Teena (the account of which was made into the motion picture, "Boys Don't Cry"), and the murder of 17-year-old Gwen Araujo in 2002 who "was hogtied, strangled and then buried in a shallow grave by a group of teens. Araujo was killed after her attackers learned that she had been born a boy" (Adriano, p. 4). While transgendered children are therefore at risk of experiencing more violent encounters with their peers, many such children also experience rejection by their own family members. In this regard, Adriano quotes Ryan who emphasizes that, "Families reject their transgender children because of deeply held religious beliefs, cultural norms or pressure from other family members. Some forms of rejection, like physical violence, verbal humiliation or throwing your child out on the street, are obvious" (quoted in Adriano at p. 4)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Adriano, J. (2007, April 27). Transgender children face unique challenges. ABC News. [Online]. Available:
  • American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author, cited in various sources reviewed.
  • Bartlett, N. H., Vasey, P. L. & Bukowski, W. M. (2000). Is gender identity disorder in children a mental disorder? Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 753.
  • Cole, C. M., O'Boyle, M., Emory, L. E. & Meyer, W. J. III. (1997). Comorbidity of gender dysphoria and other major psychiatric diagnoses. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 26(1), 13- 14.
  • Coolidge, F. L., Thede, L. L., & Young, S. E. (2002). The heritability of gender identity disorder in a child and adolescent twin sample. Behavior Genetics, 32, 251-257.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Gender Dysphoria in Children (2010, October 24) Retrieved February 26, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Gender Dysphoria in Children" 24 October 2010. Web. 26 February. 2021. <>