Gender Differences in Mathematics Anxiety Research Paper by cardamine

A review of a study that examines whether gender differences occur in mathematics anxiety.
# 150963 | 2,325 words | 13 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on May 15, 2012 in Gender and Sexuality (Gender Studies) , Psychology (General) , Mathematics (General)

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The paper discusses how this study tested whether there is a gender difference for both mathematics anxiety and general test anxiety, and whether mathematics anxiety is, in part, related to general test anxiety. The paper details the methodology utilized as well as the results obtained. The paper discusses why this study did not reveal any significant differences between males and females for both scales of anxiety and why it indicated no association suggesting that mathematics and general test anxiety are two distinct conditions.


From the Paper:

"Mathematics anxiety is defined as a psychological and physiological reaction to math stimuli (Hopko, Mahadevan, Bare, & Hunt, 2003). It is characterized by avoidance behavior, negative cognitions, and poor performance on mathematics exercises (Ashcraft & Faust, 1994). To those with mathematics anxiety, the thought of doing a math problem may make them feel helpless, panicky, shame, distress, and cause problems coping, breathing, and concentrating (Malinsky, Ross, Pannells & McJunkin, 2006). Mathematics anxiety may result in significant impairment of life functioning as the faulty beliefs and negative attitudes regarding their abilities may cause individuals to avoid certain environments and careers or cause them to sacrifice accuracy when dealing with numerical tasks (Hopko, 2003). Mathematics anxiety is a very common problem today among college students (Haynes, Mullins & Stein, 2004). Suinn and Edwards (1982) reported that 68% of college students experience some level of mathematics anxiety, while (Perry, 2004) suggests that the number may be as high as 75%.
Mathematics anxiety has also been viewed as or being similar to general test anxiety (Dew, Galassi & Galassi, 1983). Perry (2004) suggests that in its mildest form, mathematics anxiety is simply a variant of test anxiety, when the test involves math or quantitative questions. In its most serious form, it may result in complete avoidance of tasks requiring mathematics, including academic testing and completing the requirements for a degree."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Ashcraft, M. H., & Faust, M. W. (1994). Mathematics anxiety and mental arithmetic performance: An exploratory investigation. Cognition and Emotion, 8, 97-125.
  • Betz, N. E. (1978). Prevalence, distribution, and correlates of math anxiety in college students. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 25, 441-448.
  • Brady, P., & Bowd, A. (2005). Mathematics anxiety, prior experience and confidence to teach mathematics among pre-service education students. Teachers & Teaching, 11, 37-46.
  • Dew, K. M. H., Galassi, J. P., & Galassi, M. D. (1983). Mathematics anxiety: Some basic issues. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 30, 443-446.
  • Haynes, A. F., Mullins, A. G., & Stein, B. S. (2004). Differential models for math anxiety in male and female college students. Sociological Spectrum, 24, 295-318.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Gender Differences in Mathematics Anxiety (2012, May 15) Retrieved May 10, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Gender Differences in Mathematics Anxiety" 15 May 2012. Web. 10 May. 2021. <>