Fundamentals of Australian Democracy Research Paper by Ross Peterson

Fundamentals of Australian Democracy
An analysis of the nature of the Australian government set forth by the Australian Constitution and reasons for disagreements over the style of government.
# 1605 | 6,045 words | 9 sources | 2001 | GB

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This paper poses two fundamental questions: 'what is the nature of government set forth by the Australian Constitution?' and 'why has there been such disagreement and disparity in the respective responses?' The paper is organized under the following headings: Organisation of a Liberal Democracy (Power, Legitimacy, Justice, Freedom) The Constitution (Hybridised Constitution, Constitutional-Institutional Relationships, Relationship:Monarchy / Governor-General, Relationship: The Executive, Relationship: Commonwealth / States, The Referendum Process), Australian Federalism, and Responsible Government (Convention versus the Constitution, The "Washminster" Mutation, Credibility of the Responsible Government Model).

From the Paper:

"According to Emy, "Australia is one of a small group of countries usually classified as liberal democracies. This is a distinctive type of democracy, one in which the ideas and values of a particular kind of Anglo-American liberalism have exercised a pervasive influence on the growth of political institutions over the past 150 years" (Emy & Hughes, 1988: 183). One of the first steps one can take in explaining how the Australian political system works, is to define the theory behind its operation, and to describe how its supposed to be organised. Therefore, we should give a brief account of "liberalism" and "democracy" insofar as these modes of thought have significantly influenced the overall shape and character of the Australian political system."

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