Forming National Identity Through Multiculturalism in the US and Australia
The formation of multicultural policies in the United States and Australia are explored and compared for differences in how multiculturalism is created, defined, and implemented in the global village.
# 153876 | 1,541 words | 8 sources | APA | 2014 |
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National identity is the identity of a political community that separates one nation from another. Many nations use ethnicity, language, and culture to define their national identity. However, as the world becomes more globalized, countries must change how they define themselves to include their new migrant members. As relative new nations that are founded on immigration, the United States and Australia both must directly deal with the issue of national identity and how it is defined respectively. The writer explores the development of a multiculturalist policy in each nation and how their unique histories caused them to create, define, and implement that policy.
From the Paper:"This attempt to phase out cultural distinction did not last long. The marginalized cultural groups did not accept being ignored or discriminated against. The dissatisfaction of minority groups then launched a number of social justice movements in the 1960s. These movements challenged the concept of a melting pot (Ramakrishna, 2013). Movements like the Black Power, Women's Rights, and Gay Liberation took root and worked to change American attitudes toward countercultures (Huff, 2007). These changes shifted the United States' diversity policy from the Melting Pot philosophy to the Tossed Salad philosophy. In this metaphor, the ingredients are encouraged to mix while maintaining their original characteristics, all the while contributing to the overall flavor of the salad (Gloor, 2006). Under this policy, new immigrants were able to display cultural markers and pride without feeling pressured to abandon their original language and norms. The naturalization process changed to allow aspiring citizens to preserve their own religion, language, and customs and still be naturalized. "The process of acculturation, therefore, left room for different antecedents and ethnic affiliations while upholding the values for a common civic culture" (Ramakrishna, 2013). While each group had its own values, beliefs, and traditions, they still saw themselves American, which allowed them remain connected. As a result, the Hyphenated American phenomenon began. Immigrants and their descendants felt equally connected to America and their original ethnic group. Through this policy, American subcultural groups are able to feel a loyalty to the United States while feel as if their cultural identity is valued and equal to all others."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Ginges, J & Cairns, D (2006). Social Representations of Mutliculturalism: A Faceted Analysis. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30(7). pp. 1345-1370.
- Gloor, L. B. (2006). From the Melting Pot to the Tossed Salad Metaphor: Why Coercive Assimilation Lacks the Flavors Americans Crave. University of Hawaii: A Journal of Academic Writing, 4(1).
- Griffen, L. J. & Tempenis, M (2002). Class, Multiculturalism, and the American Quarterly. American Quarterly 54(1).
- Huff, C. A. (2007). Student Movement of the 1960s. New Georgia Encyclopedia.
- Langer, J (2008). Where's American Multiculturalism Heading? Human Events 64(25).
Cite this Research Paper:
Forming National Identity Through Multiculturalism in the US and Australia (2014, May 29) Retrieved January 21, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/forming-national-identity-through-multiculturalism-in-the-us-and-australia-153876/
"Forming National Identity Through Multiculturalism in the US and Australia" 29 May 2014. Web. 21 January. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/forming-national-identity-through-multiculturalism-in-the-us-and-australia-153876/>