False Memory Formation Research Paper by Peter Pen

False Memory Formation
This paper discusses the effect of semantic relatedness on false memory formation.
# 101162 | 1,337 words | 7 sources | MLA | 2008
Published on Feb 20, 2008 in Psychology (Memory) , Linguistics (General) , Language (General)

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This paper describes a research that examined how some words can be falsely recalled during a memory recollection test. The writer explains that, in the research, one 23-year-old student completed an Internet based test that presented a sequence of words followed by a grid of 16 words. The writer notes that the participant selected which words in the grid had previously been shown. The participant correctly recalled 71.43% of previously presented words, 2.08% of non-semantically related words and 66.66% of semantically related words. The writer concludes that false memories are easy to create for words that are highly semantically related. The writer maintains that these results add weight to the semantic model of memory and arguments against other models of memory. Further, the writer notes that these results have important implications in the identification of suspects during criminal investigations.


From the Paper:

"Endo and Masao demonstrated that knowledge about the false memory phenomena could alter results. They informed one group of participants about the false memory phenomena but not the other. Half of each group were then asked to respond within four seconds, the other within eight as to whether they 'remembered' seeing the word. Results showed that in the slow condition false memory rates were lower within the forewarned group compared to the uniformed group. However in the fast condition there was no significant difference between the forewarned and uninformed group. Thus in the current experiment the participant is likely to have made more errors had he been uninformed of the false memory phenomena and under time pressure. This would explain why these results do not vary more significantly in comparison to other research. Similarly how words are presented can affect results."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Brehm, S., Kassin, S. and Fein, S. (2005). Social Psychology (6th ed.). Boston, N.Y., United States of America: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Hicks, J., & Starns, J. (2006). The roles of associative strength and source memorability in the contextualization of false memory. Journal of Memory and Language. 54(1). 39-53. Retrieved December 1, 2007, from PsycINFO
  • Gallo, D., McDermott, K., Percer, J., & Roediger, H. (2001) Modality effects in false recall and false recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 27(2). 339-353. Retrieved December 1, 2007, from PsycARTICLES.
  • Marsh, E., & Bower, G. (2004). The role of rehearsal and generation in false memory creation. Memory. 12(6). 748-761. Retrieved December 1, 2007, from PsycINFO.
  • Reed, S., (2007). Cognition Theory and Applications (7th ed.). Belmont, CA, United States of America: Thomson Wadsworth.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

False Memory Formation (2008, February 20) Retrieved March 29, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/false-memory-formation-101162/

MLA Format

"False Memory Formation" 20 February 2008. Web. 29 March. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/false-memory-formation-101162/>