Exploration of Proactive Criminal Profiling Research Paper by donnabert

Exploration of Proactive Criminal Profiling
An examination of the role of criminal profiling in crime prevention, as shown in Philip K. Dick's short story, "The Minority Report."
# 147737 | 3,340 words | 23 sources | MLA | 2007 | US

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This paper focuses on advance criminal profiling as illustrated in the science fiction short story "The Minority Report" by Philip K. Dick, takes place in a future where violent crime has become almost non-existent. The paper explains that psychic humans called precogs are kept in an eternal dream world while their visions about violent crimes are transferred to computers that translate the dreams, and dispatch officers to arrest the suspects. What is striking about this story, the paper asserts, is that this sort of crime prevention is available to us today, to a lesser extent, with criminal profiling. After aa creative exploration of the topic, the paper notes that while most people think of criminal profiling as something done after a crime has happened to figure out who committed it, effective crime prevention is possible by using these same profiling techniques. However, the paper concludes, paying attention to what reduces crime, both in this country and in others, and then duplicating it until crime is reduced is a better answer. This paper contains a graph.

Table of Contents:
Introduction 3
Current Reactive Crime Prevention 3
Figure 1. The population of incarcerated people in the United States from 1980-1994. 4
The Nature of Punishment 5
The Nature of Crime 6
Free Will 7
Profiling 8
Notable Formative Events 9
The Perfect Storm 11
Inability to Compete in the US Job Market 11
Biology 13
Decriminalization of Drug Addiction and Prostitution 15
Why We Should Care 16
Conclusion 17
Annotated Bibliography 18
Books 18
Newspaper and Journal Articles 19
Web Pages 19

From the Paper:

"All crime is natural. Every crime is a gathering of circumstances, memories, history, biology, and chance that has to form a "perfect storm" in order for a crime to happen. Some crimes seem inexplicable. How could a man beat his wife of twenty-years with a baseball bat? Just because we don't know why, doesn't mean there is not a reason. What is true is that if anyone else were in his shoes, they would do the same thing. How do we know that? Because he did it and no supernatural forces were working against him. If someone else were in his shoes then he would have the same biology, the same history, the same memories, and be in the same circumstance, therefore he would do the same thing."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Currie, Elliott. Crime and Punishment in America. 4th ed. New York: Henry Holt and Company, LLC, 1998. Currie sees America's reaction to crime as a social crisis. He compares America's incarceration numbers to those of other countries and shows that despite this, violence in America is increasing, not decreasing. He attempts to explain how social attitudes contribute to increasing crime. He offers alternatives to incarceration and proactive approaches to reducing crime.
  • Dick, Philip K.. The Philip K. Dick Reader. 11th ed. New York: Kensington Publishing Corp., 1996. This is a volume of short stories, mostly science fiction in nature. The story used is called The Minority Report which is about the precrime department of the police force.
  • Durkheim ,Emile. The Division of Labor in Society. 10th ed. W.D. Halls. New York: The Free Press, 1984. Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) is often considered the father to modern sociology. This book helps to answer questions such as: What is a crime? Why does society have the urge to punish? He shows a link between fear and morals and explores how individual identities make up the whole of society. Durkheim speaks in terms of "the nature of crime" and "the nature of punishment" and shows that crimes are natural, not supernatural occurrences.
  • National Criminal Justice Commission. The Real War on Crime. 1st ed. Steven R. Donzieger. New York: Harper Collins, 1996. For two years 34 individuals worked on this report hoping to explain the current state of the criminal justice system, why crime is going up as the prison population explodes, if there is racial bias in sentencing, who is making money from prisons, and how politicians use the public's fear of violent crime to get elected.
  • Ressler, Robert K, Ann W. Burgess, and John E. Douglas. Sexual Homicide: Patterns and Motives. 10th ed. New York: Lexington Books, 1988. In the late 1970's the FBI developed the Behavioral Science Unit in order to study the habits, behaviors, and formative childhood events of murderers in order to aid their apprehension. This book details a study that took place from 1979 to 1983 of individuals incarcerated for sexual homicides. The importance of this work is that it shows similar childhood and young adult patterns in these individuals. Robert Ressler and John Douglas both worked as criminal profilers for the FBI.

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APA Format

Exploration of Proactive Criminal Profiling (2011, June 24) Retrieved September 21, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/exploration-of-proactive-criminal-profiling-147737/

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"Exploration of Proactive Criminal Profiling" 24 June 2011. Web. 21 September. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/exploration-of-proactive-criminal-profiling-147737/>