Examining Literature on Climate Change
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This paper examines various published literature that focuses on climate change. The paper analyzes the topic from three group perspectives - market liberals, liberal interventionists, and social greens. The paper explains that awareness about climate change and its link to the emissions of greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide (CO2) started in the late 1980s. The paper asserts that while environmental policy was state-dominated in its early stages, it has now become a matter of shared responsibility, as more and more actors are becoming involved in the definition, monitoring, and implementation of climate change policies. The paper concludes that each school of thought has a different view on the degree of responsibility each actor should take, in terms of their actual involvement, and their interrelations.
From the Paper:"Some differences divide the market liberals: the market-driven measures being either controlled/regulated by the state, or initiated voluntarily by corporate actors. Among the supporters of a slight state intervention in the market are; Paul Hawken along with Amory and Hunter Lovins who seek to "green" capitalism, thanks to the intervention of governments to make work the markets better (Hawken, Lovins, 1999). Stiglitz proposes a "third way". He adopts a view of the market and the state that neither puts excessive trust in markets nor in governments, but that sees the government and market as strategic complements to be used to achieve environmental goals (and tackle the climate change issue if we apply his theory to this domain). Dr. Stiglitz said that governments can and should take immediate cost-effective steps to begin reducing emissions of greenhouse gases (Pew Center on Climate Change website, 2001). Stiglitz, along with Aldy and Orszag (Stiglitz, Aldy, Orszag, 2001) argues that the most auspicious approach to achieving emission reductions in the near-term is by implementing a hybrid system of emission quotas with a maximum permit price. Bary Rabe also emphasizes the important role of State governments (Barry Rabe, 2002)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Arts Bas, Leroy Pieter, Institutional Dynamics in Environmental Governance, Dordrecht : Springer, 2006
- Cashore, Benjamin. Governing through markets: Forest Certification and the emergence of non-state authority, New Haven, Yale University Press, 2004
- Chambers W., Green Jessica F. Reforming international environmental governance: from institutional limits to innovative solutions, edited by Tokyo ; New York : United Nations University Press, 2005
- Florini, Ann The coming democracy: new rules for running a new world, Washington DC: Island Press, 14-15, 2003
- Gendron, Corinne. Le developpement durable comme compromis, Montreal: Presses de l'Universite du Quebec, 2006
Cite this Research Paper:
Examining Literature on Climate Change (2010, September 27) Retrieved April 18, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/examining-literature-on-climate-change-144713/
"Examining Literature on Climate Change" 27 September 2010. Web. 18 April. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/examining-literature-on-climate-change-144713/>