Edward I: The Forgotten Crusader
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The paper relates that many scholars have focused on the more notable achievements of Edward I's reign, but in doing so have overlooked the fact that the King was an active participant in the crusades. The describes how Edward's crusade was an anticlimax and a failure; the intensive logistical and financial planning in the end amounted to nothing, instead of a popular mass movement of peasants and nobility alike, Edward's crusade was overwhelmingly composed of aristocrats, and finally, Edward was unable to regain Jerusalem and only stalled the inevitable fall of Acre. Nonetheless, this paper argues that Edward's time in the Holy Land was still an important and fascinating part of his life and has been unfairly neglected by modern scholars.
From the Paper:"Edward I can undeniably be considered one of the most renowned kings of medieval England. His consolidation of royal power and military prowess in Wales and especially Scotland are well known even outside of historical academia. Many scholars have focused on the more notable achievements of Edward's reign, but in doing so have overlooked the fact that the King was an active participant in the crusades. The crusade of Edward I was marked by financial and logistical difficulties, its aristocratic composition, and its inability to safeguard Jerusalem for the Christian world.
"Even before Edward embarked on his crusade, he was already considered a great warrior due to his role in the baronial wars of the 1260s. During this period, a group of barons led by Simon De Montfort rebelled against the authority of Edward's father, King Henry III. The Lord Edward, as he was known before his ascension, first experienced war at the battle of Lewes in 1264 where he impetuously led a charge against the baronial army. Although he personally distinguished himself in combat, his attack weakened the center of his father's army which resulted in the loss of the battle and the subsequent capture of both Henry III and Edward himself."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Atiya, Aziz, The Crusade in the Later Middle Ages. London: Methuen, 1938
- Coss, P.R. and S.D. Lloyd, Thirteenth Century England. Bury St. Edmunds: St. Edmundsbury Press, 1988
- Dubois, Pierre, De Recuperatione Terrae Sanctae. Paris, 1891.
- Edbury, Peter. Cyprus and the Crusades. Cambridge: University Press, 1994
- Great Britain Public Record Office, Calendar of the Close Rolls for the Reign of King Edward I 1239-1307
Cite this Research Paper:
Edward I: The Forgotten Crusader (2013, June 08) Retrieved January 22, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/edward-i-the-forgotten-crusader-153513/
"Edward I: The Forgotten Crusader" 08 June 2013. Web. 22 January. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/edward-i-the-forgotten-crusader-153513/>