Educational Theories Research Paper by Meg

An exploratoin of the educational theories developed by world renowned theorists Piaget and Vygotsky to explain the process of learning.
# 151651 | 2,807 words | 7 sources | APA | 2010 | KE
Published on Aug 22, 2012 in Education (Theory) , Psychology (Piaget) , Psychology (Theory)

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This paper deals with Piaget and Vygotsky's theories of education. Each theory is examined individually to determine the conceptual ideas used by the two theorists to develop their theories. The paper also seeks to determine whether any similarities and differences exist between the two theories and whether Piaget's four-stage educational theory bears several similarities to Vygostsky's educational theory that was mostly focused on proximal development and private speech. The paper also focuses on the differences that exist between the two theories and the use of different psychological instruments and stimuli to enhance the process of learning in individuals. Various arguments are presented derived from Vygotsky's educational theory which has both behavioral and constructivist proponents despite Vygotsky being termed as a constructivist theorist.

Main Ideas of Piaget
Main Ideas of Vygotsky
Similarities and Differences
Opinionated Arguments and Counter Arguments

From the Paper:

"The aspect of self-regulation also offered a contrasting difference between the two theories. According to Vygotsky, self-regulation was seen to be a behavioral aspect that occurred in individuals as a result of regulating certain learning tasks. Vygotsky viewed self-regulation to be a skill that was acquired by human beings as they took part in the learning process thereby developing their behavioral and cognitive abilities. Self-regulation in learning according to his proximal development theory was gained through external factors such as timetables, time schedules and timers which would enable the individual to regulate their learning behavior (DeVries, 2000, p.11). In the case of Piaget, self-regulation was more of a psychological process rather than a behavioral process as he saw it to be present from infancy to the formative years of a child. For Piaget, self-regulation was instilled in children through the use of rules and guidelines where children would be able to regulate their behavior to increase their learning abilities (DeVries, 2000, p.11)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Davis, B., & Sumara, D., (2002). Constructivist discourses and the field of education: problems and possibilities. Educational Theory. 52(4): 409-428
  • DeVries, R., (2000). Vygotsky, Piaget and education: a reciprocal assimilation of theories and educational practices. New ideas in Pyschology, 18(2): 187-213
  • Kozulin, A., (2003). Vygotsky's educational theory in cultural context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  • Lytle, D.E., (2003). Play and educational theory and practice. New York: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • Oakley, L., (2004). Cognitive development. New York: Routledge

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Educational Theories (2012, August 22) Retrieved March 01, 2024, from

MLA Format

"Educational Theories" 22 August 2012. Web. 01 March. 2024. <>