Detecting Deception through Body Language Research Paper by scribbler

Detecting Deception through Body Language
An examination of the research on the detection of deception through one's body language.
# 153255 | 3,877 words | 15 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on May 09, 2013 in Psychology (Social) , Criminology (Forensics)

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The paper explores what body language is and how it reveals dishonesty and emotions to those who understand the science. The paper discusses how experts - including law enforcement and psychologists - detect when someone is being untruthful, and addresses the significance of posture, facial expressions, use of personal space, hands and shoulders, and feet and legs. The paper describes how one should lie to avoid being caught and relates how the leaking of emotion in people is not fully understood. The paper includes an annotated bibliography as well as an outline.

The Literature on Body Language and Deception
Steroids and Roger Clemens' Body Language
Law Enforcement Investigations and Body Language
Liars Protect Personal Space
Hands and Shoulders at Work being Deceptive
Hands - Most Important Tools in Human Evolution
Fraud Auditing - Forensic Accounting
How to Lie and Maybe Get Away with it - or Maybe Get Caught - in Business
Smiles When Lying
Body Language Tips Professionals to Deception
The Leaking of Emotion is not Fully Understood
Fifty Five Percent of the Meaning

From the Paper:

"Roger Clemens is a retired major league pitcher with a record seven Cy Young awards in his trophy room (the Cy Young award goes annually to the outstanding pitcher in each league). He is also under suspicion for having violated Major League Baseball's rules against performance-enhancing drugs. Recently Clemens - who has vigorously denied that he used steroids, human growth hormone (HGH) or any other substances, including human growth hormones - may have given himself away through his body language. Clemens had agreed to be interviewed by Mike Wallace on the CBS program 60 Minutes; one very interested viewer was former FBI agent Joe Navarro, who is an expert on body language and deception.
"While watching that interview closely, and seeing Clemens' denial, Navarro - who once "unearthed a Tampa mob boss because he noticed the uneasy way a cigarette shook" in the man's fingers when a certain specific name was mentioned - noticed body language that suggested the retired Clemens was lying (Encina, 2008, p. 1). Signs that were "suggestive of deception" were seen by Navarro, including "tucking in [Clemens] chin and taking hard swallows over a 28-second span" (Encina, p. 2)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Adelson, Rachel. (2004). Detecting Deception. American Psychological Association. RetrievedMarch 22, 2011, from Adelson's article is written from a psychological point of view and is very interesting and informative. The article takes the reader well farther into the genre of body language than just facial and other bodily motions that have meaning.
  • Borg, James. (2010). Body Language: 7 Easy Lessons to Master the Silent Language. SaddleRiver, NJ: FT Press. James Borg's book is one of many basic books on the fundamentals of body language; it is written in a very plainspoken genre, and is even a bit simplistic in sections. Still this book is very well presented for the person first encountering body language as a science worthy of study.
  • Corner, Michael J., and Stephen, Timothy E. (2004). Deception at Work: Investigating andCountering Lies and Fraud Strategies. Aldershot, UK: Gower Publishing. This book delves heavily into all the instances in the workplace where employees and supervisors would need to understand body language in the process of getting their work done.
  • Encina, Eduardo A. (2008). Clemens' Body May Betray His Words. St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved March 20, 2011, from This is a contemporary piece relating to the problems that Roger Clemens has created for himself by lying about his use of steroids / human growth hormone.
  • Ekman, Paul, Friesen, Wallace V. and O'Sullivan, Maureen. (1997). Smiles When Lying, inWhat the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using theFacial Action Coding System (FACS). Eds. P. Ekman & E. Rosenberg. New York: OxfordUniversity Press, pp. 201-216. Ekman's essay in this book is just one of 22 essays that embrace every conceivable aspect of facial action within the body language milieu. Some of the topics are very scientific and challenging for the layperson. For example, "Components and Recognition of Facial Expression in the Communication of emotion by Actors" is heavy science with mathematical equations.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Detecting Deception through Body Language (2013, May 09) Retrieved July 14, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Detecting Deception through Body Language" 09 May 2013. Web. 14 July. 2020. <>