Death Penalty Deterrence Research Paper by Nikolai1977

Death Penalty Deterrence
A study on the deterrence of the death penalty on crime rates.
# 146015 | 1,590 words | 11 sources | APA | 2008 | US
Published on Dec 14, 2010 in Law (Criminal) , Criminology (Public and Crime) , Hot Topics (Capital Punishment)

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This paper outlines a study employing a panel of U.S. state-level data over the year 1977 to 2006 to estimate the deterrent effect of capital punishment - specifically the number of executions compared to the murder rate per year. The states studied are ones that currently allow capital punishment for violent crimes. The data collected is not used in an attempt to explain why capital punishment could be a deterrent to murder rates; rather, the data is used to see if there is a statistical correlation between the number of executions per year and the number of murders per year. The results of this study indicate that a correlation does exist between the number of executions and the number of murders per year, with a general decrease of murder rates existing alongside the increasing number of executions. This paper does not take into account public opinion on capital punishment, nor is this study performed in an in-depth manner that would determine if the citizens of these particular states are even informed of the number of executions that occur. This paper contains illustrative charts and graphs.

Literature Review Data and Methods
Data Sampling Procedure
Analysis Plan
Reliability and Validity Issues
Human Analysis Plan

From the Paper:

"This research will be limited to the overall correlation between capital punishment and homicide rates from 1977 to 2005, and will not include extraneous factors that have been used in other research papers, such as execution announcements and their effect, death row waiting time, etc. The purpose behind this is to simply create a sheer statistical data sheet to explore the nationwide correlation between the two main factors of executions and homicide rates. This is an exploratory research paper; as such, the researcher will not presume to attempt to explain why the correlation actually exists."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Bailey, W.C. (1980). Deterrence and the celerity of the death penalty: A neglectedquestion in deterrence research. Social Forces. 58(4), 1308-1333.
  • Dezhbakhsh, H., Rubin, P.H., & Shepherd, J.M. (2003). Does capital punishment have a deterrent effect? New evidence from post moratorium panel data. American Law and Economics Review. 5(2), 344-376.
  • Execution Database (2008). Retrieved March 21, 2008, from
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2008). Uniform crime reports for the UnitedStates: 1977-2006. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  • Keckler, C.N.W. (2006).Life v. death: Who should capital punishment marginally deter?. Journal of Law, Economics, and Policy. 2(1), 101-161.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Death Penalty Deterrence (2010, December 14) Retrieved July 06, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Death Penalty Deterrence" 14 December 2010. Web. 06 July. 2020. <>