Criminal Justice and Corrections Research Paper by Nicky

A discussion on theories of criminal behavior that have exhibited influence on today's correctional system.
# 151344 | 2,292 words | 6 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jun 01, 2012 in Criminology (Criminal Justice and Corrections)


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Description:

The paper explores various theories on crime and correctional treatment programs and shows how contemporary criminal justice is coming to grips with the requirements for rehabilitation for criminals. The paper discusses the requirements for a successful rehabilitation program and emphasizes how the mental, social, physical, and psychological health of the individual must all be addressed and there must be collaborative efforts between professionals in, among and across fields and disciplines.

Outline:
Introduction
Nonlinear Dynamics of Criminal Behavior Examined
LIS-R and LIS in Risk Assessment
Shift toward Rehabilitation in Correctional Systems
Models Used in Addressing Rehabilitation
Evidence-based Rehabilitation: Policy-Maker View of Public Desire for Corrections
Primary Characteristics of Effective Correctional Treatment Programs
Discussion
Summary and Conclusion

From the Paper:

"The work of Thomas K. Arnold entitled: "The Nonlinear Dynamics of Criminal Behavior" states that one of the most enduring puzzles in criminology is the combination of both stability and change in criminal behavior over the life course." (2008) Arnold relates that many questions remain unanswered in criminology in regards to the "temporal stability of the criminal offender's risk of committing new crimes." (2008) It has been suggested by some including Gottfredson and Hirschi (1990) that over the life course the level of risk is stable and eventually declines due to age effects on the individual. However, others including Sampson and Laub (1993) believe that the levels of risk are more dynamic in nature and over time are likely to change if the offender's immediate environment is conducive to change.
"This issue is also examined in the work of Paternoster (2000) and specifically as to whether criminal activity level may be accredited to individual differences in the likelihood for criminal behavior or whether this should be attributed to the offender's changing circumstances in life. Arnold states that issues such as these "have important implications for corrections practice, risk prediction research and theory building in criminology." (2008)"

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Schmalleger, F. (2007). Criminology today. (5th ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall
  • Ward, T. and Stewart, C. (in press-a) Criminogenic Needs and Human Needs: A Theoretical Model. Psychology. Crime and Law.
  • Ward, T. and Stewart, C. (in press-b) Good lives and the rehabilitation of sexual offenders, in T. Ward, S. Hudson, and R. Laws (Eds) Sexual deviance: Issues and Controversies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Birgden, Astrid (2002) Therapeutic Jurisprudence and 'Good Lives': A Rehabilitation Framework for Corrections. Australia Psychologist. 2002 Nov. Vol. 37, No.3. Online available at: http://law.anu.edu.au/UnitUploads/LAWS8164-2581-Birgden%20(2002)%20Aust%20Psych.pdf
  • Latessa, Edward J. (2004) The Challenge of Change: Correctional Programs and Evidence-Based Practices. Vollmer Award Address. Online available at: http://caction.org/rrt/articles/LATESSA-THE%20CHALLENGE%20OF%20CHANGE.pdf

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Criminal Justice and Corrections (2012, June 01) Retrieved May 10, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/criminal-justice-and-corrections-151344/

MLA Format

"Criminal Justice and Corrections" 01 June 2012. Web. 10 May. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/criminal-justice-and-corrections-151344/>

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