Corruption and Policy Implications Research Paper by Brij

Corruption and Policy Implications
Presents an original analysis of the changes since the author's previous investigation in 2006 of the factors affecting corruption.
# 148915 | 3,160 words | 10 sources | APA | 2011 | IN

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This paper defines corruption as the abuse of public office for private gain but does not distinguish between administrative and political corruption. Next, the author presents the statistical details of this research, which hypothesizes that education levels, GNI per capita in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms, the total fertility rate (TFR) and openness of a country to foreign trade (FDI data taken as proxy to 'openness') affect the corruption index (CPI) of a country. The paper concludes that, based on this research, to eliminate underlying corruption, the highest priority should be given to sustainable economic growth policies accompanied by policies to increase investment in education and health. This paper contains tables.

Table of Contents:
Overview of the Linkages
Link between GNI per Capita (PPP) and Corruption
Openness to Foreign Trade and Corruption
Education Level and Corruption
Life Expectancy at Birth
Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
Summary and Policy Implications

From the Paper:

"In my previous paper on the subject, various levels of education had been used as variables in terms of gross enrollment. The hypothesis was that countries with higher levels of education will have lesser amount of corruption. Instead of a composite index used in most studies based on a combination of adult literacy rate & enrollment ratio in primary, secondary & tertiary education, in that study, these components had been used separately in order to identify the root causes of corruption and what level of education can reduce corruption. It was observed that combined gross enrollment ratio of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary education taken together, shows a positive correlation between CPI and education. It is, however, interesting to note that Primary Education enrollment ratio is negatively correlated with CPI, although the correlation is not statistically significant. This was explained by the fact that in many countries, only primary level of education is not enough to fight corruption. They might on the other hand learn the ways to get work done in a corrupt system as they understand the basics; however, they are perhaps not equipped enough to fight it. However, Gross Secondary Education Enrollment shows positive but not statistically significant correlation with CPI. Instead of multiple regression presented in my earlier study of the subject, a linear regression between CPI and Adult Literacy Ratio and Tertiary Education Enrolment percentage for 2009-2010 data shows the following result."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • World Development Report, 2012.
  • Human Development Report 2011.
  • Transparency International (2010), "Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index, 2010" accessed on 03/11/2012.
  • Hadi Hussain (1999), ".The Detrimental Effects of Corruption In Developing Countries", Social Science 410.
  • Gopal J. Yadav, "Corruption in Developing Countries: Causes and Solutions", IMF, Washington, DC.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Corruption and Policy Implications (2011, November 14) Retrieved February 07, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Corruption and Policy Implications" 14 November 2011. Web. 07 February. 2023. <>