Child Welfare and Aboriginal Families in Canada
A review of the article "Pathways to Overrepresentation of Aboriginal Children in Canada's Welfare System", by Trocme, et al, on the over-representation of Aboriginal children in out-of-home placement and care centers in Canada.
# 152643 | 1,565 words | 1 source | APA | 2013 |
Published on Apr 08, 2013 in Sociology (Welfare) , Canadian Studies (Gender, Race, Class issues) , Child, Youth Issues (General)
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This paper explores the factors behind the over-representation of Aboriginal children in government-aided, out-of-home care centers for children in Canada and considers both the impact of the Canadian residential schools on the capacity of Aboriginals to care for their own children as well as the claim that there is a subtle and systematic racism in the welfare and justice system of Canada. The paper then focuses on the research study in the article "Pathways to Overrepresentation of Aboriginal Children in Canada's Welfare System", where the authors explore various characteristics of maltreatment of children and search for the reason why there is such a disproportionate ratio of Aboriginal children in care centers to that of Caucasian children. The paper explains the findings of these authors that point to a higher degree of probable maltreatment of children in Aboriginal families due to multiple disadvantages and challenges faced by the parents. The paper highlights the strengths of the study and the solution it proposes.
From the Paper:"In 2003, The United Nations Committee on Rights of Child while reviewing the Canadian report on implementation of Convention on the Rights of the Child, particularly raised deep concerns about the disproportionate risks that may evolve against the Aboriginal Canadians because of the over-representation of Aboriginal children in the government aided out-of-home care centers for children.
"As per the annual reports of provincial and territories ministries of child and family services, 76,000 children and youth were living in out-of-home care in Canada in the period of 2000--2002. 40% of those children were found to be Aboriginal. The fact that signifies the severity of the situation is, lesser than 5 percent children of Canada are of Aboriginal origin. Some of the provinces also reported that nearly 80% of total children in the out-of-home care centers are Aboriginal Indians. Various initiatives and concerns were taken to tackle with the problem of over-representation of Aboriginal children, yet an increment of 71.5% on reserved place for Aboriginal children in out-of-home care centers was registered in the period 1995 to 2001. In 1998, an Aboriginal welfare study in Canada with the name Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Maltreatment was taken that initiated an exploration of some of the factors associated with the over-representation of Aboriginal Children in out-of-home placements."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Trocme, Nico; Knoke, Della; Blackstock, Cindy. (2004) "Pathways to the Overrepresentation of Aboriginal Children in Canada's Child Welfare System". Social Service Review, pp: 577-600.
Cite this Research Paper:
Child Welfare and Aboriginal Families in Canada (2013, April 08) Retrieved March 03, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/child-welfare-and-aboriginal-families-in-canada-152643/
"Child Welfare and Aboriginal Families in Canada" 08 April 2013. Web. 03 March. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/child-welfare-and-aboriginal-families-in-canada-152643/>