Child and Adolescent Psychology Research Paper by Poochie

Child and Adolescent Psychology
A look at different psychological viewpoints on child and adolescent psychology.
# 128471 | 6,016 words | 31 sources | APA | 2010 | US
Published on Jul 25, 2010 in Psychology (Child and Adolescent) , Psychology (Piaget) , Psychology (Theory)


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Description:

This paper looks at various developmental theories that have been put forward in the field of psychological research. It explains the different stages of early development as explained by Piaget and Erikson and goes onto examine Kohlberg's moral development theory. It also looks at the similarities between some of the theories and the influences they have on society. Finally the paper concludes that developmental theories will always be evolving as researchers strive for more explanations of human behavior.

Outline:
Abstract
Developmental Theories
Piaget's Cognitive Development
Erikson's Psychosocial Development
Kohlberg's Moral Development
Similarities in Theories
Societal Influences
Completing Childhood Stages
Infancy to Adulthood
Difference in Theories
Culture
Individualism
Gender Bias
Overall Child Development
Adolescent & Potential
Culture and Ethnicity
Critical Periods

From the Paper:

"Swiss biologist and philosopher, Jean Piaget's research, focused on the cognitive perspective which concentrates on thought processes, behaviors reflecting the thought process and includes both orgasmic and mechanically influenced theories. Piaget described children's development as occurring in four (4) quantitative stages: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational to formal operational stage. Success of the final process of development depended on successful or healthy completion of the preceding stage.
"From birth to two (2) years, infants learn to organize activities in relation to their environment through sensory and motor activity. As children go through this stage, they become accustomed to and accepting of their environment around them and learn more complex abilities (schemes) in order to successfully transition to the preoperational stage. In the preoperational stage which ranges from two (2) years to seven (7) years, thinking is still not logical at this stage. Children become less attached to their caregiver and more adept at language and play skills (adapting and assimilating) and retain memories of people, places and things located in their environment. With the advent of the concrete operational stage, which ranges from seven (7) to eleven (11) years of age, logic enters the scenario. Children shift from adaptation and assimilation of new knowledge to the concrete operational stage (equilibration). Now they can solve problems logically, but, still have not mastered abstract thought. After going through the concrete operational stage, children enter the final stage which is the formal operational and a continuation of the equilibration stage which ranges from age eleven (11) to adulthood. In this stage, the individual becomes more mature and is able to reason, formulate and make decisions."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Substance Abuse, (2001). Tobacco's Toll: Implications for the Pediatrician; Pediatrics, 107, 794-798.
  • Allen, K. E., & Marotz, L. R. (2003). Developmental profiles (4th ed.). Albany, NY: Delmar.
  • Aristotle. (1958). The Nicomachean ethics (W. D. Ross, Trans.). In J. D. Kaplan (Ed.), The pocket Aristotle (pp. 158-274). New York: Simon & Schuster.
  • Erikson, Erik. Dimensions of a New Identity. New York: Norton, 1974.
  • Badawi, J.A.(Dr) (1997). The Status of Woman In Islam. International Islamic Publishing House; IIPH, Muslim Students' Assocation of the US and Canada

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Child and Adolescent Psychology (2010, July 25) Retrieved October 24, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/child-and-adolescent-psychology-128471/

MLA Format

"Child and Adolescent Psychology" 25 July 2010. Web. 24 October. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/child-and-adolescent-psychology-128471/>

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