Causes and Impacts of the Nursing Shortage
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The paper discusses the causes of the nursing shortage that include low enrollment in nursing schools, poor working conditions leading to increased nurse turnover, migration of registered nurses and retirement of the existing nursing staff. The paper then considers the impacts of the shortage such as increased occupational injuries, increased risk for errors and poor service delivery, and suggests mitigation measures that can be pursued to alleviate this shortage.
From the Paper:"An inadequate staffing ratio is one of the causes of nursing shortages in health institutions and medical facilities. Many health facilities do not recruit enough nursing staff to meet its human resource needs. As such, the ratio of the patients to that of the nurses is higher leading to nursing shortage in the institution. This trend is common in most private health facilities where the owners are more profit minded which this makes them less concerned about the plight and the welfare of the patients. Likewise, they are more likely to practice short staffing in a bid to cut on employee benefits costs. Absence of adequate staffing ratios implicates negatively on the quality of services offered by the health institution as each available nurse is supposed to attend to higher numbers of patients than they can handle (Fitzgerald 109).
"Low enrollment capacities in nursing colleges and lack of placement opportunities for nurses graduating from nursing schools also contributes to nursing shortage. Inadequate placement programs for nurses make it difficult for the trained nurses to gain entry into the nursing profession compelling them to seek employment in other fields leading to nursing shortage as the existing nursing staff retires from service. As such, the existing programs offer limited opportunity to a handful of nurses who cannot be able to meet the staffing needs in the medical facilities (American Society of Registered Nurse, para 7)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Aiken, L H, R B Cheung and D M Olds. "Education policy initiatives to address the nurse shortage in the United States." Health Affairs 28.4 (2009): 646-56.
- American Society of Registered Nurse. "U.S. Healthcare System Pinched By Nursing Shortage." Journal of Nursing Today (2001).
- Chaguturu, Sreekanth and Snigdha Vallabhaneni. "Aiding and Abetting -- Nursing Crises at Home and Abroad." The New England Journal of Medicine 353 (2005): 1761-1763.
- Fagin, Claire. "What is the nursing shortage and why does it exist?" 2007. 19 April 2011 <http://www.nursingadvocacy.org/faq/nursing_shortage.html>.
- Fitzgerald, Dorcas C. "Nursing shortage: A crisis for the next decade." Journal Nursing Shortage 13.2 (2011): 109 - 112.
Cite this Research Paper:
Causes and Impacts of the Nursing Shortage (2013, July 12) Retrieved November 19, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/causes-and-impacts-of-the-nursing-shortage-153607/
"Causes and Impacts of the Nursing Shortage" 12 July 2013. Web. 19 November. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/causes-and-impacts-of-the-nursing-shortage-153607/>