California's Affirmative Action "Prop 209"
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This paper explains that nowhere has the struggle to mandate "affirmative action" in a meaningful way been more viciously fought than in California, and its Proposition 209. The author points out that, at first glance, the wording of Proposition 209 sounds the same as the federal Civil Rights bills of 1964 and 1991 but it is actually very different: The sticking point is that phrase "or grant preferential treatment to", which seems to continue to make all the difference between normal equal rights and forced equality. The paper stresses that the idea of affirmative action is not to exclude anyone, but, at the same time not to include someone simply because of race or gender; while it would seem logical that affirmative action opens doors for admissions or for hiring in the workplace, it is just as logical that previous discrimination should not now become the basis for inclusion.
From the Paper:"Proposition 209 was only the latest attempt to "right some wrongs". California, it seems, has always tried to find some means of balancing hiring, education, and fairness, regardless of gender, race, religion, or ethnic background. With the growing minority populations of both Hispanics and Asians entering the state, some sort of fairness needed to be legislated. And, there were just as many who sought to defeat any sort of mandated (i.e. forced) hiring or college admissions. So, years before Proposition 209, there was CCRI...California Civil Rights Initiative
This is a proposed amendment which, as in proposition 209, forbids discrimination and preferential treatment. It was a Republican initiative, co-written by Tom Wood and Glynn Custred. They enlisted the aid of Ward Connerly, who was black and a Republican, and considered a traitor by many blacks in California, since he was one of those working with the Board of Regents to re-establish admissions and hiring guidelines in Berkeley. The reason he was called was because the Amendment was in trouble, lacking enough signatures to put it on the ballot in November."
Cite this Research Paper:
California's Affirmative Action "Prop 209" (2006, February 22) Retrieved December 11, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/california-affirmative-action-prop-209-64014/
"California's Affirmative Action "Prop 209"" 22 February 2006. Web. 11 December. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/california-affirmative-action-prop-209-64014/>