Bipolar Disorders in Children and Adolescent Research Paper by alwaysana

Bipolar Disorders in Children and Adolescent
An analysis of the difficulties in diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorders in children and adolescents.
# 114143 | 3,380 words | 37 sources | APA | 2006 | US
Published on May 31, 2009 in Psychology (Child and Adolescent) , Psychology (Disorders) , Psychology (Therapies)

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This paper examines the prevalence of manic depression (or bipolar disorders) in children and adolescents. It discusses the symptoms and the diagnosis and describes the difficulties in diagnosis due to the complexity of bipolar disorder (BPD) in children and adolescents. It also looks at how these difficulties in diagnosis affect the ability to treat the disorder.

Table of Contents:
Diagnosis in Children and Adolescents
Outpatient Treatment
Specific Outpatient Treatments
Inpatient Treatment
Comorbid Diagnosis: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Comorbid Diagnosis: Substance Abuse

From the Paper:

"As a result of the research reviewed, future research should examine the effectiveness of specific family interventions such as IFT, FFT, and CBT, due to the profound impact families have on the success of treatment in youth with BPD. Empirical research should be developed to conclude best practice therapeutic techniques for the reduction of depression and mania in children, as well as pharmacological interventions. It would be useful to study, over a period of at least six months, the efficacy of specific family treatment modalities in bipolar diagnosed children. This would be based on psychotherapeutic goal achievement in areas such as social, emotional, and school functioning while focusing on family interaction and education. Controlled and experimental groups are needed to empirically determine which psychosocial approaches demonstrate the greatest efficacy (Rivas-Vazquez et al., 2002)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Abboud, L. (2005). Treating children for bipolar disorder; doctors try powerful drugs on kids as young as age 4; an overlap with ADHD. The Wall Street Journal, 1-5.
  • Beal, D., & Delaney, K. (July-Sept 2005). Milieu management of a child with bipolar illness. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 18(3), 113-116.
  • Beitchman, J. (2001). Comorbidity of psychiatric and substance use disorders in late adolescence: a cluster analytic approach. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.
  • Biederman, J., M.D. (2005). An open-label trial of risperidone in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Pyschopharmacology, 15(2).
  • Carlson, G., Bromet, E., & Sievers, S. (2000). Phenomenology and outcome of subjects with early and adult-onset psychotic mania. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 213-219.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Bipolar Disorders in Children and Adolescent (2009, May 31) Retrieved October 04, 2022, from

MLA Format

"Bipolar Disorders in Children and Adolescent" 31 May 2009. Web. 04 October. 2022. <>