Asthma Control and Treatment in Racial and Ethnic Minorities Research Paper by Jolleen

Asthma Control and Treatment in Racial and Ethnic Minorities
A literature review of asthma treatment in ethnic minorities.
# 103549 | 2,607 words | 30 sources | APA | 2008 | US
Published on May 20, 2008 in Medical and Health (Medical Studies) , Ethnic Studies (General)

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This paper provides a literature review on the subject of asthma in racial and ethnic minorities. The review focuses on the risk factors that contribute to greater asthma prevalence and poorer asthma control and treatment in racial and ethnic minorities.

Asthma Prevalence, Morbidity, and Mortality
Factors Contributing to a Higher Prevalence of Asthma in Minorities
Disparities in Asthma Control and Treatment

From the Paper:

"Minorities, the poor, adult women, and children under the age of 18 are disproportionately affected by asthma (ALA, 2007a). According to the Kaiser Family Foundation (2007) African American children had a 17% prevalence of asthma, compared to 12% in Non-Hispanic Whites, 10% in Hispanics, 10% in Native Americans, and 6% in Asians. In adults however, Native Americans had the highest rates of asthma, with a 16% prevalence compared to 11% in African Americans, 10% in Whites, 8% in Asians, and 8% in Hispanics. Puerto Rican adults had a higher prevalence of asthma than most races, with an 11.6% prevalence (CDC, 2004). This fact is masked by the lower rates of asthma in other Hispanic subgroups.
Regardless of age, African Americans were more likely to be hospitalized and to die because of asthma complications compared to all other races, even when taking into account the higher prevalence rates of asthma in this group. Compared to Whites, African American children were 4-5 times more likely to be hospitalized due to asthma, while African American adults were 3-4 times more likely to be hospitalized, and they were also five times more likely to use the emergency department (ED) to seek asthma care (KFF, 2007). African Americans were disproportionately represented in deaths due to asthma even when socioeconomic status was accounted for --they represent only 12.1% of the population, but they account for 25% of all asthma deaths (ALA, 2007a)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Akinbami L, Rhodes J, and Lara M. (2005). Racial and ethnic differences in asthma diagnosis among children who wheeze. Pediatrics , 115 (5), 1254-1260.
  • American Lung Association. (2007b). State of Lung Disease in Diverse Communities: 2007. Available at Accessed 11/19/2007.
  • American Lung Association. (2007a). Trends in Asthma Morbidity and Mortality. Accessed 11/19/2007.
  • Apter, A. (2006). The influence of health disparities on individual patient outcomes: what is the link between genes and environment? J Allergy Clin Immunol , 117 (2), 345-350.
  • Calfee C, Katz P, Yelin E, Iribarren C, and Eisner M. (2006). The influence of perceived control of asthma on health outcomes. Chest , 130 (5), 1312-1318.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Asthma Control and Treatment in Racial and Ethnic Minorities (2008, May 20) Retrieved April 02, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Asthma Control and Treatment in Racial and Ethnic Minorities" 20 May 2008. Web. 02 April. 2023. <>