Arab Christians - Yesterday and Today
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The paper defines and analyzes Arab Christianity, giving an overview of the history of the upper Middle East before the invasion of Arabic Islam. The paper asserts that today, the term "Arab Christian" has become as complicated as the diversity of nations in the regions themselves, and Arab Christians today are not recognized for their distinct ethnic identity. The paper clarifies that they are instead seen as segments of a wider nation who are also Christian, while the "real" Arab Christians, as identified by Phares, live in areas among the Jordan, Syrian, Israelite, and Palestinian territories. These people, the paper notes, are the descendants of the Arab Christians who survived the invasion of Islam during ancient times, as well as the product of evangelization. The paper concludes that although the Middle East is still dominated and oppressed by Islam and its adherents, the rest of the world is becoming more tolerant and informed regarding the belief systems and cultures of others, and intolerance has become largely unacceptable.
From the Paper:"The history of the upper Middle East before the invasion of Arabic Islam is one of Christianization. Specifically, the nations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Sudan, Asia Minor, Syria, and Lebanon were Christianized. Only the ancient Israelites retained their original religious identity. The majority of nations in Arabia were pagan at the time, of which many subsequently converted to Christianity. The Jews were then dispersed by the Romans, with some Christians moving from the north and East to Palestine. The result was that the majority of the upper Middle East was not Arab, but they were indeed Christian. Furthermore, Phares notes that many Arabs in the Peninsula were Christian, and this is where the term "Arab Christianity" originates. It refers to people of Arabic origin, whose religion is Christianity. The issue and term were however complicated by subsequent political and social developments.
"While the non-Arab Christians were reduced and suppressed by the invasion of Arab Islam by both violence and semantics, as mentioned above. The actual Arab Christians at the time of Christianization were defeated during the onset of Islam. They were erased from Arabia and their churches either destroyed or converted to Mosques. Very few of them survived in areas such as southern Iraq, southern Syria, and northwest Arabia. Some Arab Christians moved to Palestine, joining the non-Arab Christians in the region. Currently there are the non-Arab Middle Eastern Christians and Arab Christians in Palestine."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Arabic Baptist Church. Introduction. 2008. http://www.abcdc.org/church_info.asp
- Arabic Bible. Arab Christians - Who Are They? http://www.arabicbible.com/christian/arab_christians_who_are_they.htm
- Khoury, George. The Origins of Middle Eastern Arab Christianity. http://www.al-bushra.org/arbhrtg/arbxtn03.htm
- Phares, Walid. Arab Christians: An Introduction, 2001. http://www.arabicbible.com/christian/intro_arab_christians.htm
Cite this Research Paper:
Arab Christians - Yesterday and Today (2010, July 01) Retrieved April 21, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/arab-christians-yesterday-and-today-128162/
"Arab Christians - Yesterday and Today" 01 July 2010. Web. 21 April. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/arab-christians-yesterday-and-today-128162/>