Ancient Harappa Research Paper

Ancient Harappa
An analysis of ancient Harappa civilization.
# 153985 | 2,295 words | 5 sources | 2014 | US
Published on Aug 15, 2014 in Anthropology (Cultural) , History (Middle Eastern) , Anthropology (General)


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From the Paper:

"The ancient civilization of Harappa (India), is one that is newly discovered and mysterious. Although excavation of geographic locations that once made up Harappa have been examined for the few decades, little information has been found. Many theories surround this civilization and the characteristics of the people living within it. The first discovery of this civilization occurred in the late 1800's, however, it was not until John Marshall directed a team of excavation experts in 1920 that we were able to fill in some of the blanks regarding this ancient civilization. Many blanks still remain when it comes to concrete evidence about the culture of this civilization, but dedicated teams such as HARP, are currently working hard to uncover the truth one artifact at a time.
"The ancient Harappa civilization was the earliest known urban culture of the India subcontinent. It was the first civilization in that region that appears to have people with different social classes and occupation living together. The location of the civilization was slightly different than it is now. This is a result of countries separating from the power of another and becoming their own, and continental shifts or other geographical changes. The location that was once named Harappa lies throughout present-day India and Pakistan. According to Andrew Howley, a member of the National Geographic Society, based on radiocarbon dating and uncovered artifacts, the time-line for the Harappan rise and fall is as follows:
""7000-5000 BC, people have begun food production, instead of just food gathering. 5000-2600 BC, you start to see regional similarities in artifacts. 2600-1900 BC is the mature period of Harappan civilization. Distant cities are integrated into one civilization and there appears to be an empire that arose through peaceful means. 1900-1300 BC, whatever held the culture together has declined and the area breaks into many more localized styles" (Howley, A., 2013)"

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