Analysis and Signficance of the Wason Selection Task
$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now
This paper describes the Wason Selection Task, which is a psychological test involving logical reasoning. The Wason Selection task is analyzed as a simple and elegant way to demonstrate several important concepts in cognition, such as propositional (abstract) reasoning, content effects, confirmation bias and modes of reasoning. The paper includes the materials and methods of the experiment and a discussion on the results of the experiment.
From the Paper:"This experiment consists of several tasks. Within each task is a rule that connects two types of information through an "if-then" statement. The subject is then presented four double-sided cards that display each type of information on each side, respectively. A correct response is identifying the minimum number of cards required to validate the rule. An incorrect response is identifying a card which need not be inverted, or failing to identify a card which has to be inverted (Galotti, 2008). In the current experiment, the first task, called the arbitrary condition, deals with dichotomous numbers (odd or even) and letters (consonants or vowels)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Cosmides, L. Tooby, J. (1992). Barkow et al. ed. Cognitive Adaptations for Social Exchange. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Galotti, K (2008). Cognitive psychology: In and out of the laboratory (4 Ed.). Belmont, California: Thomson Wadsworth.
- Goel, V. (2009). Reasoning and problem-solving [PowerPoint slides]. Toronto, Canada: York University: Cognition.
Cite this Research Paper:
Analysis and Signficance of the Wason Selection Task (2009, November 18) Retrieved April 07, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/analysis-and-signficance-of-the-wason-selection-task-117156/
"Analysis and Signficance of the Wason Selection Task" 18 November 2009. Web. 07 April. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/analysis-and-signficance-of-the-wason-selection-task-117156/>