Alcoholism and Depression
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This paper discusses how it is virtually undisputed that there exist high rates of comorbidity between alcoholism and depression, and it is clear that because these disorders commonly co-occur, the relationship is complex and bidirectional. Through an exploration of the interaction between these two disorders, it examines the prevalence of the dual disorders, distinguishes between the physiological, genetic and psychological aspects of the co-occurrence, and then reviews effective treatment protocols.
From the Paper:"The psychological aspects of the comorbidity of alcoholism and depression are more difficult to determine than the physiological etiology and genetic frequency. Although it may be a benefit in treatment that both disorders respond to certain anti-depressants, and that the biological aspects of the disorders are similar, the etiology of which disorder precedes the other is still unclear. It is also unclear as to why some individuals with a genetic predisposition to inherit one or both disorders do not. It is certainly apparent that vulnerability factors are many, and include genetics, social environment, life experiences and gender. In a study reported in the American Journal of Psychiatry (May 2001), researchers found that the likelihood of major depression was no higher for alcoholics than non-alcoholics (subjects were men and women), but that depressive disorder was significantly more common in alcoholics than non-alcoholics (Mental Health Weekly, 2001). These findings would seem to indicate, that alcoholism may be secondary to the depression disorder. "
Sample of Sources Used:
- Kessler RC, Nelson CB, McGonagle KA, et al The epidemiology of co-occurring addictive and mental disorders: implications for prevention and service utilization. Am J Orthopsychiatry 1996; 66:17-31.
- Flynn, W (2000) Dual Diagnosis and Treatment: Substance Abuse and Comorbid Medical and Psychiatric Disorders Am. J. Psychiatry 2000 157: 1895
- Mennin DS, Heimberg RG(2000). The impact of comorbid mood and personality disorders in the cognitive-behavioral treatment of panic disorder. Clin Psychology Rev. 2000;20:339-357.
- Mental Health Weekly (2001) Gene study probes link between depression, alcoholism Author/s: (not given)Issue: May 7, 2001 available on line at: http://www.findarticles.com/cf_dls/m0BSC/18_11/75097539/p1/article.jhtml?term=genetics+alcoholism
- Myrick, H & Brady K (2003) Medscape: Editorial Review: Current Review of the Comorbidity of Affective, Anxiety, and Substance Use Disorders. Curr Opin Psychiatry 16(3):261-270, 2003. (c) 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Cite this Research Paper:
Alcoholism and Depression (2011, February 20) Retrieved April 20, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/alcoholism-and-depression-147086/
"Alcoholism and Depression" 20 February 2011. Web. 20 April. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/alcoholism-and-depression-147086/>