Alcohol and Drug Counseling Research Paper by Nicky

A look at different models of addiction.
# 150753 | 2,351 words | 15 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Apr 04, 2012 in Psychology (Alcohol and Drugs)

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This paper presents an in-depth discussion of drug addiction, further studying this problem and its possible solutions by using two models of addiction, one being a non-disease model and the other a disease mode, or biopsychosocial. The paper defines both models and how they change the perception of an addict. It also explores a new approach to drug addiction known as harm-reduction. Treatment options for both approaches are examined, as well as the philosophies to addiction. Then, the paper points out similarities and differences between the approaches. Next, the paper critiques the outlooks of these approaches to addiction. Finally, the paper's author states that from a professional perspective, it is better to adopt the harm reduction model, and further cites the reasons for this belief. The paper concludes by stating that by focusing on harm and how it can be reduced is an important first step in beginning to treat the problem of drug addiction seriously and effectively.


Similarities and Differences
Making the Choice

From the Paper:

"Harm reduction recognizes that drug abuse is a problem related to its consequences. It also recognizes that not all types of drugs have the same level of harm. Rather than therefore requiring complete abstinence from all types of addictive substances, the approach also recognizes that certain substances may be beneficial in limited amounts. This applies to findings related to marijuana and red wine. In this way, preventing harm significantly could also mean adding benefits.
"In the clinical setting, and with very harmful substances, the professional working with addiction recognizes that the user may not be ready to stop his or her use of the substance. In such cases, a neutral and non-judgmental stance is taken, with a reduction program implemented to suite the specific needs of the user and his or her social circle. In such cases, minimization may be the short-term goal, with complete cessation being a longer-term goal."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Addictions Foundation of Manitoba. (2000). A Biopsychosocial Model of Addiction.
  • Alcohol-Drug-Treatment. (2009). The Disease Concept.
  • Bozarth, Michael A. (1990). Drug Addiction as a Psychobiological Process. State University of New York at Buffalo.
  • Center for Addiction and Mental Health (2008). CAMH and Harm Reduction: A Background Paper on its Meaning and Applications for Substance Use Issues.
  • Clark, Tom (2006, Sept 14). Choice and Free Will: Beyond the Disease Model of Addiction.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Alcohol and Drug Counseling (2012, April 04) Retrieved April 21, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Alcohol and Drug Counseling" 04 April 2012. Web. 21 April. 2021. <>