Age, Anabolic Steroids and Athletes Research Paper by Wal

Age, Anabolic Steroids and Athletes
A research paper to assess the effect of age and steroids on an athlete's performance, aggression and anxiety.
# 64557 | 4,327 words | 21 sources | MLA | 2005 | GB

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This paper is a research study to answer three questions to improve knowledge within the physiological and psychological fields of sport science. The first and second questions studied are the effect of anabolic steroids on an athlete's performance and aggression personality measure. The third research question aims to find out if older athletes (aged 35-45 years) experience higher anxiety than younger athletes.
Research Question One
Research Question Two
Research Question Three

From the Paper:

"There is debate as to whether older people are really at lower risk for depressive disorders, or whether endorsement of symptoms is low. A study by Christensen et al, (1999) assessed the effects of age on anxiety and depression, and examined whether age had direct effects on self-report of individual symptoms independent of its effect on the underlying dimensions of anxiety and depression. Structural equation modelling was used to assess the structure of the items and their associations with age and a number of demographic variables. They sampled 2622 participants aged between 18 and 79 years. Results found that both scales were found to fit satisfactorily to a two factor model. Items with direct age effects reflected physical (feeling slowed down; waking early) and psychological (hopeless about the future) components of depression."

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Age, Anabolic Steroids and Athletes (2006, March 25) Retrieved October 28, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Age, Anabolic Steroids and Athletes" 25 March 2006. Web. 28 October. 2020. <>