Adoption and a Child's Psychology
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This paper looks at the history of adoption, how the adoption process has evolved with time and the effect that adoption has on the psychology of the child. According to this paper, parent and child attachments are relationships, and it is the quality of these attachments or relationships that determine the child's template for all future relationships and the foundation of the child's core values and beliefs.
From the Paper:"Depending upon the age and maturity of the individual, experiences influence the personality in different ways, and the experiences and emotional relationships that exist in early childhood have effects that are incorporated into the "very structure of the personality" (Clothier). According to Clothier, experiences and relationships after the Oedipal development may mold or modify the presenting or external personality, yet their effects are generally not incorporated or built into the personality (Clothier). In the early years, the external environment combines with constitutional factors to determine personality, then later, through the influence of education, environment and experience modify personality manifestation, "even to the extent of creating the person we think we know" (Clothier). Although analogies are unsatisfactory, Clothier points out that in the construction of the personality, "constitution provides the basic metal, infantile emotional relationships and experiences add alloys and temper the metal, and childhood education and environment provide the superstructure, facade, and the paint" (Clothier).
The implication of this for the psychology of the adopted child are extremely significant, for a child who is placed with adoptive parents at birth or soon after, misses the mutual and satisfying mother-child relationship, "the roots of which lie in that deep area of the personality where the physiological and the psychological are merged" (Clothier). For the child and the biological mother, this period is part of the biological sequence, and it is doubted as to whether the relationship of the child to its postpartum mother can be replaced by even the best of substitute mothers because these subtle effects lie so deeply buried in the personality that it is impossible to evaluate them (Clothier). The adopted infant cannot experience the satisfaction of the nursing period with his or her substitute mother, however the child will experience his or her first important socializing relationship (Clothier)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Clothier, Florence. (1943). The Psychology of the Adopted Child. Retrieved December 10 2005 from:http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~adoption/archive/ClothierPAC.htm
- Common Clinical Issues Among Adoptees Who Have Received Psychological Treatment. Retrieved December 10 2005 from: http://www.adopting.org/commonis.html
- Foli, Karen J.; Thompson, John R. (2004). The Post-Adoption Blues : Overcoming the Unforseen Challenges of Adoption. Rodale Books. Pp. 15,18.
- Gilman, Lois. (1998). The Adoption Resource Book. Collins. Pp. 4, 5.
- Gray, Deborah D. (2002). Attaching in Adoption: Practical Tools for Today's Parents. Perspectives Press. Pp. 15.
Cite this Research Paper:
Adoption and a Child's Psychology (2006, December 25) Retrieved September 22, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/adoption-and-a-child-psychology-91293/
"Adoption and a Child's Psychology" 25 December 2006. Web. 22 September. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/adoption-and-a-child-psychology-91293/>